The aim of the present study is to analyze the structure of 117 abstracts extracted from four Peruvian scientific journals of education. The analysis of the study units was carried out following the "rhetorical moves" model proposed by Swales and Feak. A documentary study was carried out. The results show a greater presence of movements 2, 3 and 4 and a lesser presence of movements 1 and 5, which evidences a greater interest in highlighting the purpose, method and results in the summaries on education. Regarding the order followed, the presence of structures of 4 and 3 movements is greater, although the established order is not always followed (M1, M2, M3, M4, M5). It is concluded that the results show certain regularities compared to similar studies.