Self-medication in hospitalized patients with COVID-19: A crosssection study in northern Peru

Luis E. Vasquez-Elera, Virgilio E. Failoc-Rojas, Raisa N. Martinez-Rivera, Noelia Morocho-Alburqueque, Mario S. Temoche-Rivas, Mario J. Valladares-Garrido

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Introduction This study aimed to identify factors associated with self-medication in patients with COVID-19. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted using medical records of patients with COVID-19 who self-medicated before admission to a hospital in Piura, Peru. Prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals were estimated using generalized linear models with Poisson distribution family, log link function, and robust variance. Results Out of 301 patients, 165 (54.8%) self-medicated before hospital admission, being more frequent self-medication with ivermectin (85.5%) and azithromycin (71.5%). The frequency of selfmedication in those aged between 30-59 years was 2.53-fold higher than in those between 18-29 years. Male patients, dyslipidemia, smoking, and hepatic steatosis were associated with self-medication. Clinical characteristics associated with self-medication were fever, cough, headache, anosmia, dysgeusia, nausea/vomiting, and gastroesophageal reflux. Conclusions A high frequency of self-medication before hospital admission was observed in Peruvian patients with COVID-19, mainly of drugs without proven efficacy.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)46-53
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónGERMS
Volumen12
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2022

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