Motor event-related synchronization as an inhibitory biomarker of pain severity, sensitivity, and chronicity in patients with knee osteoarthritis

Lucas M. Marques, Sara P. Barbosa, Kevin Pacheco-Barrios, Fernanda T. Goncalves, Marta Imamura, Linamara R. Battistella, Marcel Simis, Felipe Fregni*

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

5 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Objective: The study aimed to examine the clinical and neurophysiological predictors of motor event-related desynchronization (ERD) and synchronization (ERS) in patients with chronic pain due to knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Methods: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of our cohort study (DEFINE cohort), KOA arm, with 71 patients, including demographic, functionality, genetic and neurophysiological measures. ERD/ERS was evaluated during hand motor tasks (motor execution, active and passive observation, and imagery). Multivariate regression models were used to explore predictors of ERD/ERS. Results: Although we found an altered ERD/ERS pattern during motor execution and active observation, the ERS pattern could only be clearly differentiated after passive observation.‘. We found no predictors of ERD (excitatory biomarker). For ERS (inhibitory biomarker), our results showed that the main predictors differ across EEG frequency bands. Considering pain measures, we found that visual analogue scale (VAS, right knee) and chronicity of pain negatively predict low beta and high beta ERS, respectively. Pain threshold was positively correlated with alpha ERS, while 36-Item Short Form Survey (SF-36) emotional domain positively predicted beta ERS. Regarding transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) markers, intracortical inhibition (ICF) negatively predicted beta and low beta ERS, and left hemisphere cortical silent period (CSP) negatively predicted low beta ERS. Conclusion: Considering that higher power of ERS indicates a stronger cortical organization and inhibitory drive, our results show that limitation of activities due to emotional factors, lower pain threshold, higher VAS pain, and longer duration of pain are associated with lower ERS power (in alpha and beta frequencies), thus indicating a lower inhibitory drive. In the same direction, a lower inhibitory drive as indicated by higher ERS power is associated with higher ICF amplitude. Although there was a negative association between ERS and CSP, this may indicate that ICF values are adjusting CSP results. Our findings support the idea that a less organized cortical response as indicated by changes to the ERS is associated with higher pain correlates in subjects with KOA.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)413-426
Número de páginas14
PublicaciónNeurophysiologie Clinique
Volumen52
N.º6
DOI
EstadoPublicada - nov. 2022

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