Las diferencias de género en los sueldos de mejor remuneración: El estudio de caso de los médicos peruanos

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículoInvestigaciónrevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

In recent decades, the number of women pursuing careers in health has significantly increased. However, the physician labor market is still characterized by gender differences regarding payment. Using a nationally representative Peruvian sample of health providers (3,219 male and 1,063 female physi-cians), we estimated the gender gap in the likelihood of earning high wages for physicians and decomposed this gap in a proportion related to differences in individual characteristics (e.g. specialty, labor experience), and a residual proportion related to differences in returns to these characteristics. Our main results reveal that male physicians have on average an 81% higher likelihood of earning high salaries (monthly earning level > 5,000 PEN) relative to their female counterparts. Further, the main proportion of this gap is associated to the unexplained component (among 57% and 77%, according to the model specification), which may be associated to unobservable characteristics and discrimination in the Peruvian labor market.

Idioma originalEspañol
Número de artículoe00043018
PublicaciónCadernos de Saude Publica
Volumen35
N.º5
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene 2019

Huella dactilar

Salaries and Fringe Benefits
Physicians
Health
Individuality

Palabras clave

  • Gender Gap
  • Physicians
  • Wages

Citar esto

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title = "Las diferencias de g{\'e}nero en los sueldos de mejor remuneraci{\'o}n: El estudio de caso de los m{\'e}dicos peruanos",
abstract = "In recent decades, the number of women pursuing careers in health has significantly increased. However, the physician labor market is still characterized by gender differences regarding payment. Using a nationally representative Peruvian sample of health providers (3,219 male and 1,063 female physi-cians), we estimated the gender gap in the likelihood of earning high wages for physicians and decomposed this gap in a proportion related to differences in individual characteristics (e.g. specialty, labor experience), and a residual proportion related to differences in returns to these characteristics. Our main results reveal that male physicians have on average an 81{\%} higher likelihood of earning high salaries (monthly earning level > 5,000 PEN) relative to their female counterparts. Further, the main proportion of this gap is associated to the unexplained component (among 57{\%} and 77{\%}, according to the model specification), which may be associated to unobservable characteristics and discrimination in the Peruvian labor market.",
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Las diferencias de género en los sueldos de mejor remuneración : El estudio de caso de los médicos peruanos. / Amaya, Elard; Mougenot, Benoît.

En: Cadernos de Saude Publica, Vol. 35, N.º 5, e00043018, 01.01.2019.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículoInvestigaciónrevisión exhaustiva

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N2 - In recent decades, the number of women pursuing careers in health has significantly increased. However, the physician labor market is still characterized by gender differences regarding payment. Using a nationally representative Peruvian sample of health providers (3,219 male and 1,063 female physi-cians), we estimated the gender gap in the likelihood of earning high wages for physicians and decomposed this gap in a proportion related to differences in individual characteristics (e.g. specialty, labor experience), and a residual proportion related to differences in returns to these characteristics. Our main results reveal that male physicians have on average an 81% higher likelihood of earning high salaries (monthly earning level > 5,000 PEN) relative to their female counterparts. Further, the main proportion of this gap is associated to the unexplained component (among 57% and 77%, according to the model specification), which may be associated to unobservable characteristics and discrimination in the Peruvian labor market.

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