Ingesta de alimentos ultraprocesados y circunferencia de cintura según área de residencia en adultos peruanos

Anthony Aquino-Ramírez*, Carla Tarazona-Meza, Katherine Curi-Quinto

*Autor correspondiente de este trabajo

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

1 Cita (Scopus)

Resumen

Introduction. Waist circumference (WC) is an abdominal obesity and cardiovascular risk indicator among adults. In Peru, obesity prevalence has been increasing unequally between residence areas, and the influence of ultra- processed food (UPF) consumption on WC in Peruvian adults remains unclear. Objective. Evaluate the association between UPF consumption and waist circumference by residence setting among Peruvian adults. Materials and methods. A cross-sectional secondary analysis of dietary intake data (single 24-hour recall) from 745 adults aged 18 and 59 years old from the “Vigilancia Alimentaria y Nutricional por Etapas de Vida 2017-2018” National Surveys was performed. The NOVA system was used to characterize the UPFs, and the exposure was the percentage of total energy consumed from UPF per day (%), in quantiles. WC (cm) was assessed at the middle point between the last rib and the iliac crest. Weighted linear regression analysis stratified by residence areas were conducted. Results. The mean age was 37.2 years. The mean percent of total energy consumed from UPF was 14.7% (95%CI: 14.2 – 15.3). Those in the middle tertile of UPF consumption, had higher WC (□□ 0.73; 95%CI: 0.22 – 1.24; p-value = 0.007) compared with those in the lower tertile. In the stratified analysis, those in the second tertile in rural areas have more WC compared with the first tertile (□□ 1.85; 95%CI: 1.17 – 2.53, p-value< 0.001). Conclusions. In rural areas, UPF consumption was associated with waist circumference, but it does not follow a linear association. Further studies are needed to understand the rationale behind these results.

Título traducido de la contribuciónUltra-processed food consumption and waist circumference by residence setting in Peruvian adults
Idioma originalEspañol
PublicaciónArchivos Latinoamericanos de Nutricion
Volumen73
DOI
EstadoPublicada - jul. 2023

Palabras clave

  • abdominal obesity
  • ultra-processed foods
  • waist circumference

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