Frecuencia y etiología de la enteroparasitosis en pacientes con virus inmunodeficiencia humana en un hospital de Lambayeque, Perú

Heber Silva-Díaz, Virgilio E. Failoc-Rojas

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículoInvestigaciónrevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Introduction: Despite antiretroviral therapy, it is still common to find the presence of opportunistic infections such as enteroparasites, which cause a big impact on the health and economy of patients. Objetive: To determine the frequency, etiology and factors associated with enteroparasitosis in patients with HIV at a reference hospital in Lambayeque, Peru. Material and Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted in diarrheic patients with HIV infection in a hospital in Lambayeque from January to June, 2016. The study was a census. Both the collection and transport as well as the analysis of the samples followed the recommendations of the Manual of procedures for the diagnosis of human parasitosis of the National Institute of Health. Results: The meadian age was 28 years, the male sex predominated, and the percentage of parasitism was 73.08%. Patients with viral load >1000 were 69.2% and patients with HAART were 55.8%. Blastocystis hominis was the most frequent parasite (30.77%), followed by Cryptosporidium spp. and Cystoisospora belli with 21.2% and 11.5%, respectively. The bivariate analysis between viral load and HAART with parasitism, demonstrated an association with parasitism. Conclusions: Enteroparasitosis is frequent in patients with HIV and diarrhea, predominating opportunistic infections over non opportunistic ones.

Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)418-427
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónRevista Habanera de Ciencias Medicas
Volumen18
N.º3
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene 2019

Huella dactilar

Peru
HIV
Opportunistic Infections
Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy
Viral Load
Blastocystis hominis
Cryptosporidium
National Institutes of Health (U.S.)
Censuses
HIV Infections
Observational Studies
Diarrhea
Parasites
Prospective Studies
Health

Palabras clave

  • Blastocystis hominis
  • CD4
  • Cystoisospora
  • HAART
  • HIV
  • Parasitosis

Citar esto

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title = "Frecuencia y etiolog{\'i}a de la enteroparasitosis en pacientes con virus inmunodeficiencia humana en un hospital de Lambayeque, Per{\'u}",
abstract = "Introduction: Despite antiretroviral therapy, it is still common to find the presence of opportunistic infections such as enteroparasites, which cause a big impact on the health and economy of patients. Objetive: To determine the frequency, etiology and factors associated with enteroparasitosis in patients with HIV at a reference hospital in Lambayeque, Peru. Material and Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted in diarrheic patients with HIV infection in a hospital in Lambayeque from January to June, 2016. The study was a census. Both the collection and transport as well as the analysis of the samples followed the recommendations of the Manual of procedures for the diagnosis of human parasitosis of the National Institute of Health. Results: The meadian age was 28 years, the male sex predominated, and the percentage of parasitism was 73.08{\%}. Patients with viral load >1000 were 69.2{\%} and patients with HAART were 55.8{\%}. Blastocystis hominis was the most frequent parasite (30.77{\%}), followed by Cryptosporidium spp. and Cystoisospora belli with 21.2{\%} and 11.5{\%}, respectively. The bivariate analysis between viral load and HAART with parasitism, demonstrated an association with parasitism. Conclusions: Enteroparasitosis is frequent in patients with HIV and diarrhea, predominating opportunistic infections over non opportunistic ones.",
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Frecuencia y etiología de la enteroparasitosis en pacientes con virus inmunodeficiencia humana en un hospital de Lambayeque, Perú. / Silva-Díaz, Heber; Failoc-Rojas, Virgilio E.

En: Revista Habanera de Ciencias Medicas, Vol. 18, N.º 3, 01.01.2019, p. 418-427.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículoInvestigaciónrevisión exhaustiva

TY - JOUR

T1 - Frecuencia y etiología de la enteroparasitosis en pacientes con virus inmunodeficiencia humana en un hospital de Lambayeque, Perú

AU - Silva-Díaz, Heber

AU - Failoc-Rojas, Virgilio E.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Introduction: Despite antiretroviral therapy, it is still common to find the presence of opportunistic infections such as enteroparasites, which cause a big impact on the health and economy of patients. Objetive: To determine the frequency, etiology and factors associated with enteroparasitosis in patients with HIV at a reference hospital in Lambayeque, Peru. Material and Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted in diarrheic patients with HIV infection in a hospital in Lambayeque from January to June, 2016. The study was a census. Both the collection and transport as well as the analysis of the samples followed the recommendations of the Manual of procedures for the diagnosis of human parasitosis of the National Institute of Health. Results: The meadian age was 28 years, the male sex predominated, and the percentage of parasitism was 73.08%. Patients with viral load >1000 were 69.2% and patients with HAART were 55.8%. Blastocystis hominis was the most frequent parasite (30.77%), followed by Cryptosporidium spp. and Cystoisospora belli with 21.2% and 11.5%, respectively. The bivariate analysis between viral load and HAART with parasitism, demonstrated an association with parasitism. Conclusions: Enteroparasitosis is frequent in patients with HIV and diarrhea, predominating opportunistic infections over non opportunistic ones.

AB - Introduction: Despite antiretroviral therapy, it is still common to find the presence of opportunistic infections such as enteroparasites, which cause a big impact on the health and economy of patients. Objetive: To determine the frequency, etiology and factors associated with enteroparasitosis in patients with HIV at a reference hospital in Lambayeque, Peru. Material and Methods: A prospective observational study was conducted in diarrheic patients with HIV infection in a hospital in Lambayeque from January to June, 2016. The study was a census. Both the collection and transport as well as the analysis of the samples followed the recommendations of the Manual of procedures for the diagnosis of human parasitosis of the National Institute of Health. Results: The meadian age was 28 years, the male sex predominated, and the percentage of parasitism was 73.08%. Patients with viral load >1000 were 69.2% and patients with HAART were 55.8%. Blastocystis hominis was the most frequent parasite (30.77%), followed by Cryptosporidium spp. and Cystoisospora belli with 21.2% and 11.5%, respectively. The bivariate analysis between viral load and HAART with parasitism, demonstrated an association with parasitism. Conclusions: Enteroparasitosis is frequent in patients with HIV and diarrhea, predominating opportunistic infections over non opportunistic ones.

KW - Blastocystis hominis

KW - CD4

KW - Cystoisospora

KW - HAART

KW - HIV

KW - Parasitosis

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