Fluid intelligence and school performance and its relationship with social variables in Latin American samples

Carmen Flores-Mendoza, Marcela Mansur-Alves, Rubén Ardila, Ricardo D. Rosas, Maria Karla Guerrero-Leiva, Maria Emilia Lucio Gómez Maqueo, Miguel Gallegos, Norma Reategui Colareta, Andrés Burga León

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículoInvestigaciónrevisión exhaustiva

10 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

© 2015 Elsevier Inc. As part of the project, "Study of the Latin-American Intelligence" (SLATINT), this study was conducted in six Latin American cities (Rosario-Argentina, Belo Horizonte-Brazil, Santiago-Chile, Bogota-Colombia, Mexico City-Mexico and Lima-Peru) and one European city (Madrid-Spain). The goal was to verify the effect of school performance on fluid intelligence and vice versa after controlling the socioeconomic variables. Students (N= 3724) between the ages of 14 and 15. years (51% females) that were enrolled in 66 schools from different socioeconomic levels, participated in this study. The Raven Standard Progressive Matrices test (SPM, fluid intelligence measure), the 2003 PISA test (school performance measure) and a short socioeconomic questionnaire were administered. Diverse multilevel analyses were conducted. The results were: 1) a positive relationship between PISA and SPM, although a stronger correlation was observed as aggregated (r= .89), rather than individual scores (r= .58) were used; 2) after controlling social variables, the PISA scores could vary up to 7.79 times due to variation in SPM scores; 3) after controlling social variables, the SPM scores could vary up to 1.4 due to variation in PISA scores; 4) the socioeconomic status of schools exerted a greater influence on PISA scores than on SPM scores; and 5) there was a variability among schools regarding school performance (35.2%) and intelligence (6.3%) which was not explained by the covariates and random effects. The impact of these results for education policies is discussed.
Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
Páginas (desde-hasta)66-83
Número de páginas18
PublicaciónIntelligence
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 mar 2015

Huella dactilar

Intelligence
Mexico
Multilevel Analysis
Crows
Peru
Colombia
Chile
Argentina
Social Class
Spain
Brazil
Students
Education

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Flores-Mendoza, C., Mansur-Alves, M., Ardila, R., Rosas, R. D., Guerrero-Leiva, M. K., Maqueo, M. E. L. G., ... León, A. B. (2015). Fluid intelligence and school performance and its relationship with social variables in Latin American samples. Intelligence, 66-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intell.2014.12.005
Flores-Mendoza, Carmen ; Mansur-Alves, Marcela ; Ardila, Rubén ; Rosas, Ricardo D. ; Guerrero-Leiva, Maria Karla ; Maqueo, Maria Emilia Lucio Gómez ; Gallegos, Miguel ; Colareta, Norma Reategui ; León, Andrés Burga. / Fluid intelligence and school performance and its relationship with social variables in Latin American samples. En: Intelligence. 2015 ; pp. 66-83.
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title = "Fluid intelligence and school performance and its relationship with social variables in Latin American samples",
abstract = "{\circledC} 2015 Elsevier Inc. As part of the project, {"}Study of the Latin-American Intelligence{"} (SLATINT), this study was conducted in six Latin American cities (Rosario-Argentina, Belo Horizonte-Brazil, Santiago-Chile, Bogota-Colombia, Mexico City-Mexico and Lima-Peru) and one European city (Madrid-Spain). The goal was to verify the effect of school performance on fluid intelligence and vice versa after controlling the socioeconomic variables. Students (N= 3724) between the ages of 14 and 15. years (51{\%} females) that were enrolled in 66 schools from different socioeconomic levels, participated in this study. The Raven Standard Progressive Matrices test (SPM, fluid intelligence measure), the 2003 PISA test (school performance measure) and a short socioeconomic questionnaire were administered. Diverse multilevel analyses were conducted. The results were: 1) a positive relationship between PISA and SPM, although a stronger correlation was observed as aggregated (r= .89), rather than individual scores (r= .58) were used; 2) after controlling social variables, the PISA scores could vary up to 7.79 times due to variation in SPM scores; 3) after controlling social variables, the SPM scores could vary up to 1.4 due to variation in PISA scores; 4) the socioeconomic status of schools exerted a greater influence on PISA scores than on SPM scores; and 5) there was a variability among schools regarding school performance (35.2{\%}) and intelligence (6.3{\%}) which was not explained by the covariates and random effects. The impact of these results for education policies is discussed.",
author = "Carmen Flores-Mendoza and Marcela Mansur-Alves and Rub{\'e}n Ardila and Rosas, {Ricardo D.} and Guerrero-Leiva, {Maria Karla} and Maqueo, {Maria Emilia Lucio G{\'o}mez} and Miguel Gallegos and Colareta, {Norma Reategui} and Le{\'o}n, {Andr{\'e}s Burga}",
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Flores-Mendoza, C, Mansur-Alves, M, Ardila, R, Rosas, RD, Guerrero-Leiva, MK, Maqueo, MELG, Gallegos, M, Colareta, NR & León, AB 2015, 'Fluid intelligence and school performance and its relationship with social variables in Latin American samples', Intelligence, pp. 66-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intell.2014.12.005

Fluid intelligence and school performance and its relationship with social variables in Latin American samples. / Flores-Mendoza, Carmen; Mansur-Alves, Marcela; Ardila, Rubén; Rosas, Ricardo D.; Guerrero-Leiva, Maria Karla; Maqueo, Maria Emilia Lucio Gómez; Gallegos, Miguel; Colareta, Norma Reategui; León, Andrés Burga.

En: Intelligence, 01.03.2015, p. 66-83.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículoInvestigaciónrevisión exhaustiva

TY - JOUR

T1 - Fluid intelligence and school performance and its relationship with social variables in Latin American samples

AU - Flores-Mendoza, Carmen

AU - Mansur-Alves, Marcela

AU - Ardila, Rubén

AU - Rosas, Ricardo D.

AU - Guerrero-Leiva, Maria Karla

AU - Maqueo, Maria Emilia Lucio Gómez

AU - Gallegos, Miguel

AU - Colareta, Norma Reategui

AU - León, Andrés Burga

PY - 2015/3/1

Y1 - 2015/3/1

N2 - © 2015 Elsevier Inc. As part of the project, "Study of the Latin-American Intelligence" (SLATINT), this study was conducted in six Latin American cities (Rosario-Argentina, Belo Horizonte-Brazil, Santiago-Chile, Bogota-Colombia, Mexico City-Mexico and Lima-Peru) and one European city (Madrid-Spain). The goal was to verify the effect of school performance on fluid intelligence and vice versa after controlling the socioeconomic variables. Students (N= 3724) between the ages of 14 and 15. years (51% females) that were enrolled in 66 schools from different socioeconomic levels, participated in this study. The Raven Standard Progressive Matrices test (SPM, fluid intelligence measure), the 2003 PISA test (school performance measure) and a short socioeconomic questionnaire were administered. Diverse multilevel analyses were conducted. The results were: 1) a positive relationship between PISA and SPM, although a stronger correlation was observed as aggregated (r= .89), rather than individual scores (r= .58) were used; 2) after controlling social variables, the PISA scores could vary up to 7.79 times due to variation in SPM scores; 3) after controlling social variables, the SPM scores could vary up to 1.4 due to variation in PISA scores; 4) the socioeconomic status of schools exerted a greater influence on PISA scores than on SPM scores; and 5) there was a variability among schools regarding school performance (35.2%) and intelligence (6.3%) which was not explained by the covariates and random effects. The impact of these results for education policies is discussed.

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Flores-Mendoza C, Mansur-Alves M, Ardila R, Rosas RD, Guerrero-Leiva MK, Maqueo MELG y otros. Fluid intelligence and school performance and its relationship with social variables in Latin American samples. Intelligence. 2015 mar 1;66-83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intell.2014.12.005