Factores asociados a seropositividad para SARS-CoV-2 en pacientes atendidos en un hospital de zona altoandina peruana

Victor J. Vera-Ponce, Paul Mendez-Aguilar, C. Ichiro-Peralta, Virgilio E. Failoc-Rojas, Mario J. Valladares-Garrido

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Background: COVID 19 is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 that has affected Peru on a large scale. Potential clinical and/or epidemiological factors that are related to the positivity of SARS-CoV-2 in the high Andean population are not documented. Objective: To determine factors associated with positivity of SARS-CoV-2 in people living in Ancash. Material and methods: Analytical transversal study. We used the records of patients treated for suspected COVID-19 in a public hospital in Huaraz in March-May 2020. Prevalence ratios (PR) with confidence intervals were estimated. In simple regression analysis, prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals were estimated, using Poisson distribution family, log-link function and robust variance. Results: Out of 903 patients, 13.7% tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. In simple regression, male (RP=2.98), cough (RP=2.27), respiratory distress (RP=2.97), diarrhea (RP=2.69), general malaise (RP=1.82), odynophagia (RP=1.69) were positively associated with having a positive SARS-CoV-2 test. In the multiple regressions, the association was maintained in four characteristics: Being male (RP=2.7), having a cough (RP=1.45), respiratory distress (RP=2.15), and diarrhea (RP=1.89). Conclusion: In high Andean areas, most positive cases present typical symptoms. The factors associated with positivity were male sex and the presence of cough, respiratory difficulty and diarrhea.

Título traducido de la contribuciónFactors associated with seropositivity for SARS-CoV-2 in patients treated at a hospital in the Peruvian highlands
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)8-12
Número de páginas5
PublicaciónRevista del Cuerpo Medico Hospital Nacional Almanzor Aguinaga Asenjo
Volumen14
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 21 oct 2021

Palabras clave

  • Peru
  • Risk factors
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • Seroepidemiology

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