Evaluación de los niveles de empatía médica en médicos residentes de un hospital general en Perú

Jeff Huarcaya-Victoria, Bernardo Cano-Uría, Alejandro Villanueva-Ruska, Jorge de la Cruz-Oré

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Objective: To evaluate the level of empathy in medical residents in the Hospital Nacional Guillermo Almenara Irigoyen (HNGAI), as well as its relationship with the religious attitude and other personal and sociodemographic variables. Material and methods: Observational and cross-sectional study using a questionnaire conducted on the HNGAI, Lima, Peru. The Jefferson Medical Empathy Scale (EEMJ), the Religious Attitude Scale (EAR), and a sociodemographic data collection card were used to collect data from medical residents who entered the HNGAI medical residency program during the years 2016 and 2017. Results: The mean score of empathy levels was 118.74. Non-significant differences were found in the levels of empathy related to the choice of specialty (‘people-oriented’: 119.58 versus ‘technology-oriented’: 117.15, P = .189); and gender (women: 119.5 versus males: 118.05, P = .408). Significant differences were found in the levels of empathy related to having had a professional model in treating the patient (P = .004) and referring to belonging to a religion (Catholic/Protestant/Evangelical) (P = .003). A direct correlation was found between the EEMJ and the EAR (r = .249, P = .006). Conclusions: The residents who identify themselves as belonging to a religion obtained higher levels of empathy, along with those who mention having a professional model in the treatment of the patient. Prospective studies should be conducted in order to evaluate the evolution of medical empathy in medical residents. Determining the factors that would intervene in their erosion would also be useful.

Título traducido de la contribuciónEvaluation of the levels of medical empathy in medical residents of a general hospital in Peru
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)59-66
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónEducacion Medica
Volumen20
DOI
EstadoPublicada - sep 2019
Publicado de forma externa

Palabras clave

  • Empathy
  • Medical education
  • Peru
  • Religion
  • Resident education

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