Background: Genetic disorders affecting pulmonary surfactant homeostasis are a major cause of respiratory distress syndrome in full-term newborn and childhood interstitial lung disease. The ABCA3 transporter (ATP binding cassette A3) intervenes in the normal production of surfactant that covers the interior of alveolar walls and plays a fundamental role as a surfactant. Case report: Male term newborn who presented respiratory distress 3 days after birth and required mechanical ventilation. Studies to determine other causes of lung disease were negative. Lung biopsy was performed for the study with light microscopy and electron microscopy. Electron microscopy showed small abnormal lamellar bodies in addition to peripheral electrodense condensations characteristic of ABCA3 transporter mutation. Treatment was started with pulses of methylprednisolone, hydroxychloroquine, azithromycin, and high-dose inhaled corticosteroids, finding a favorable clinical and radiological response to follow-up. Conclusions: Correlation of clinical characteristics and images (tomography and electron microscopy) can be useful for the diagnosis of lung surfactant dysfunction, especially in low and medium-income countries where genetic studies to determine the different ABCA3 transporter mutations are not available. This is one of the first cases reported in Peru with an adequate response to treatment and favorable evolution to follow-up.
|Título traducido de la contribución||Surfactant ABCA3 transporter dysfunction: A case report from Peru|
|Número de páginas||6|
|Publicación||Boletin Medico del Hospital Infantil de Mexico|
|Estado||Publicada - 12 ene 2021|
- ATP binding cassette A3
- Lung diseases
- Pulmonary surfactants