Depression and Abuse During Medical Internships in Peruvian Hospitals

Jennifer Vilchez-Cornejo, Ronald David Viera-Morón, Gabriel Larico-Calla, Daniela Carla Alvarez-Cutipa, Juan C. Sánchez-Vicente, Ruth Taminche-Canayo, Carlos Andres Carrasco-Farfan, Alexis Armando Palacios-Zegarra, Cynthia Mendoza-Flores, Pedro Quispe-López, Carlos J. Toro-Huamanchumo

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículoInvestigaciónrevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

© 2018 Asociación Colombiana de Psiquiatría Objective: To estimate the prevalence of depression and abuse and identify the associated factors in medical interns in Peruvian hospitals. Methods: We conducted a multicentre, cross-sectional and analytical study during the months of March to May 2016. We included medical interns from 18 Peruvian hospitals, in Lima and provinces. We used a survey that included sociodemographic data and a scale to measure the perception of abuse (psychological, physical and sexual). In addition, we used the Spanish version of the PHQ-9 to evaluate depression. We used Poisson regression with robust variances to calculate prevalence ratios (PRs). Results: A total of 402 medical interns participated in the study, the median age was 25 [IQR: 21–33], and 52.7% were male. Moreover, 25.4% of them suffered from depression. In the adjusted model, the variables associated with depression were age (PRa = 1.15), the number of hours they sleep per day (PRa = 1.23), being a woman (PRa = 3.33), performing the internship in a province (PRa = 0.25), studying at a public university (PRa = 0.64), living with parents (PRa = 0.65) or alone (PRa = 0.33), and having perceived some type of abuse (PRa = 1.07). Conclusions: A quarter of surveyed medical interns had depression. Early screening is necessary to identify perceived abuse and other triggering depression factors that may adversely affect work performance and overall mental health during medical internships.
Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
PublicaciónRevista Colombiana de Psiquiatria
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 ene 2018

Huella dactilar

internship
Internship and Residency
abuse
Depression
sleep
Internship
Abuse
Mental Health
Sleep
parents
Cross-Sectional Studies
Parents
mental health
Psychology
regression
university
performance

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Vilchez-Cornejo, J., Viera-Morón, R. D., Larico-Calla, G., Alvarez-Cutipa, D. C., Sánchez-Vicente, J. C., Taminche-Canayo, R., ... Toro-Huamanchumo, C. J. (2018). Depression and Abuse During Medical Internships in Peruvian Hospitals. Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatria. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rcp.2018.08.001
Vilchez-Cornejo, Jennifer ; Viera-Morón, Ronald David ; Larico-Calla, Gabriel ; Alvarez-Cutipa, Daniela Carla ; Sánchez-Vicente, Juan C. ; Taminche-Canayo, Ruth ; Carrasco-Farfan, Carlos Andres ; Palacios-Zegarra, Alexis Armando ; Mendoza-Flores, Cynthia ; Quispe-López, Pedro ; Toro-Huamanchumo, Carlos J. / Depression and Abuse During Medical Internships in Peruvian Hospitals. En: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatria. 2018.
@article{87d07ff7f48a4eedb7770552850fd201,
title = "Depression and Abuse During Medical Internships in Peruvian Hospitals",
abstract = "{\circledC} 2018 Asociaci{\'o}n Colombiana de Psiquiatr{\'i}a Objective: To estimate the prevalence of depression and abuse and identify the associated factors in medical interns in Peruvian hospitals. Methods: We conducted a multicentre, cross-sectional and analytical study during the months of March to May 2016. We included medical interns from 18 Peruvian hospitals, in Lima and provinces. We used a survey that included sociodemographic data and a scale to measure the perception of abuse (psychological, physical and sexual). In addition, we used the Spanish version of the PHQ-9 to evaluate depression. We used Poisson regression with robust variances to calculate prevalence ratios (PRs). Results: A total of 402 medical interns participated in the study, the median age was 25 [IQR: 21–33], and 52.7{\%} were male. Moreover, 25.4{\%} of them suffered from depression. In the adjusted model, the variables associated with depression were age (PRa = 1.15), the number of hours they sleep per day (PRa = 1.23), being a woman (PRa = 3.33), performing the internship in a province (PRa = 0.25), studying at a public university (PRa = 0.64), living with parents (PRa = 0.65) or alone (PRa = 0.33), and having perceived some type of abuse (PRa = 1.07). Conclusions: A quarter of surveyed medical interns had depression. Early screening is necessary to identify perceived abuse and other triggering depression factors that may adversely affect work performance and overall mental health during medical internships.",
author = "Jennifer Vilchez-Cornejo and Viera-Mor{\'o}n, {Ronald David} and Gabriel Larico-Calla and Alvarez-Cutipa, {Daniela Carla} and S{\'a}nchez-Vicente, {Juan C.} and Ruth Taminche-Canayo and Carrasco-Farfan, {Carlos Andres} and Palacios-Zegarra, {Alexis Armando} and Cynthia Mendoza-Flores and Pedro Quispe-L{\'o}pez and Toro-Huamanchumo, {Carlos J.}",
year = "2018",
month = "1",
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doi = "10.1016/j.rcp.2018.08.001",
language = "American English",
journal = "Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatria",
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Vilchez-Cornejo, J, Viera-Morón, RD, Larico-Calla, G, Alvarez-Cutipa, DC, Sánchez-Vicente, JC, Taminche-Canayo, R, Carrasco-Farfan, CA, Palacios-Zegarra, AA, Mendoza-Flores, C, Quispe-López, P & Toro-Huamanchumo, CJ 2018, 'Depression and Abuse During Medical Internships in Peruvian Hospitals', Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatria. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rcp.2018.08.001

Depression and Abuse During Medical Internships in Peruvian Hospitals. / Vilchez-Cornejo, Jennifer; Viera-Morón, Ronald David; Larico-Calla, Gabriel; Alvarez-Cutipa, Daniela Carla; Sánchez-Vicente, Juan C.; Taminche-Canayo, Ruth; Carrasco-Farfan, Carlos Andres; Palacios-Zegarra, Alexis Armando; Mendoza-Flores, Cynthia; Quispe-López, Pedro; Toro-Huamanchumo, Carlos J.

En: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatria, 01.01.2018.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículoInvestigaciónrevisión exhaustiva

TY - JOUR

T1 - Depression and Abuse During Medical Internships in Peruvian Hospitals

AU - Vilchez-Cornejo, Jennifer

AU - Viera-Morón, Ronald David

AU - Larico-Calla, Gabriel

AU - Alvarez-Cutipa, Daniela Carla

AU - Sánchez-Vicente, Juan C.

AU - Taminche-Canayo, Ruth

AU - Carrasco-Farfan, Carlos Andres

AU - Palacios-Zegarra, Alexis Armando

AU - Mendoza-Flores, Cynthia

AU - Quispe-López, Pedro

AU - Toro-Huamanchumo, Carlos J.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - © 2018 Asociación Colombiana de Psiquiatría Objective: To estimate the prevalence of depression and abuse and identify the associated factors in medical interns in Peruvian hospitals. Methods: We conducted a multicentre, cross-sectional and analytical study during the months of March to May 2016. We included medical interns from 18 Peruvian hospitals, in Lima and provinces. We used a survey that included sociodemographic data and a scale to measure the perception of abuse (psychological, physical and sexual). In addition, we used the Spanish version of the PHQ-9 to evaluate depression. We used Poisson regression with robust variances to calculate prevalence ratios (PRs). Results: A total of 402 medical interns participated in the study, the median age was 25 [IQR: 21–33], and 52.7% were male. Moreover, 25.4% of them suffered from depression. In the adjusted model, the variables associated with depression were age (PRa = 1.15), the number of hours they sleep per day (PRa = 1.23), being a woman (PRa = 3.33), performing the internship in a province (PRa = 0.25), studying at a public university (PRa = 0.64), living with parents (PRa = 0.65) or alone (PRa = 0.33), and having perceived some type of abuse (PRa = 1.07). Conclusions: A quarter of surveyed medical interns had depression. Early screening is necessary to identify perceived abuse and other triggering depression factors that may adversely affect work performance and overall mental health during medical internships.

AB - © 2018 Asociación Colombiana de Psiquiatría Objective: To estimate the prevalence of depression and abuse and identify the associated factors in medical interns in Peruvian hospitals. Methods: We conducted a multicentre, cross-sectional and analytical study during the months of March to May 2016. We included medical interns from 18 Peruvian hospitals, in Lima and provinces. We used a survey that included sociodemographic data and a scale to measure the perception of abuse (psychological, physical and sexual). In addition, we used the Spanish version of the PHQ-9 to evaluate depression. We used Poisson regression with robust variances to calculate prevalence ratios (PRs). Results: A total of 402 medical interns participated in the study, the median age was 25 [IQR: 21–33], and 52.7% were male. Moreover, 25.4% of them suffered from depression. In the adjusted model, the variables associated with depression were age (PRa = 1.15), the number of hours they sleep per day (PRa = 1.23), being a woman (PRa = 3.33), performing the internship in a province (PRa = 0.25), studying at a public university (PRa = 0.64), living with parents (PRa = 0.65) or alone (PRa = 0.33), and having perceived some type of abuse (PRa = 1.07). Conclusions: A quarter of surveyed medical interns had depression. Early screening is necessary to identify perceived abuse and other triggering depression factors that may adversely affect work performance and overall mental health during medical internships.

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Vilchez-Cornejo J, Viera-Morón RD, Larico-Calla G, Alvarez-Cutipa DC, Sánchez-Vicente JC, Taminche-Canayo R y otros. Depression and Abuse During Medical Internships in Peruvian Hospitals. Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatria. 2018 ene 1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rcp.2018.08.001