Custo de doença em um estudo coorte retrospectivo de pacientes com demência em lima, Peru

Nilton Custodio, David Lira, Eder Herrera-Perez, Liza Nuñez del Prado, José Parodi, Erik Guevara-Silva, Sheila Castro-Suarez, Rosa Montesinos

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

10 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Dementia is a major cause of dependency and disability among older persons, and imposes huge economic burdens. Only a few cost-of-illness studies for dementia have been carried out in middle and low-income countries. Objective: The aim of this study was to analyze costs of dementia in demented patients of a private clinic in Lima, Peru. Methods. We performed a retrospective, cohort, 3-month study by extracting information from medical records of demented patients to assess the use of both healthcare and non-healthcare resources. The total costs of the disease were broken down into direct (medical and social care costs) and indirect costs (informal care costs). Results. In 136 outpatients, we observed that while half of non-demented patients had total care costs of less than US$ 23 over three months, demented patients had costs of US$ 1500 or over (and more than US$ 1860 for frontotemporal dementia). In our study, the monthly cost of a demented patient (US$ 570) was 2.5 times higher than the minimum wage (legal minimum monthly wage in Peru for 2011: US$ 222.22). Conclusion. Dementia constitutes a socioeconomic problem even in developing countries, since patients involve high healthcare and non-healthcare costs, with the costs being especially high for the patient’s family. Key words: dementia, costs and cost analysis, cost of illness, health care costs, health expenditures.

Título traducido de la contribuciónCost-of-illness study in a retrospective cohort of patients with dementia in Lima, Peru
Idioma originalPortugués
Páginas (desde-hasta)32-41
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónDementia e Neuropsychologia
Volumen9
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2015
Publicado de forma externa

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