Cortical plasticity in phantom limb pain: A fMRI study on the neural correlates of behavioral clinical manifestations.

D. Duarte, C. C.C. Bauer, C. B. Pinto, F. G. Saleh Velez, M. A. Estudillo-Guerra, Kevin Pacheco-Barrios, M. E. Gunduz, D. Crandell, L. Merabet, F. Fregni

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Resumen

The neural mechanism of phantom limb pain (PLP) is related to the intense brain reorganization process implicating plasticity after deafferentation mostly in sensorimotor system. There is a limited understanding of the association between the sensorimotor system and PLP. We used a novel task-based functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) approach to (1) assess neural activation within a-priori selected regions-of-interested (motor cortex [M1], somatosensory cortex [S1], and visual cortex [V1]), (2) quantify the cortical representation shift in the affected M1, and (3) correlate these changes with baseline clinical characteristics. In a sample of 18 participants, we found a significantly increased activity in M1 and S1 as well as a shift in motor cortex representation that was not related to PLP intensity. In an exploratory analyses (not corrected for multiple comparisons), they were directly correlated with time since amputation; and there was an association between increased activity in M1 with a lack of itching sensation and V1 activation was negatively correlated with PLP. Longer periods of amputation lead to compensatory changes in sensory-motor areas; and itching seems to be a protective marker for less signal changes. We confirmed that PLP intensity is not associated with signal changes in M1 and S1 but in V1.

Idioma originalInglés
Número de artículo111151
PublicaciónPsychiatry Research - Neuroimaging
Volumen304
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 30 oct 2020
Publicado de forma externa

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