Conocimientos y percepciones sobre tuberculosis pulmonar en trabajadores del transporte público en Lima, Perú

Danitza Lukac, Octavio Garaycochea, Alvaro Taype Rondan, Laura Luque Bustamante, André Mujica-Vasquez, Dario Zamora

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

OBJECTIVES: To describe the level of knowledge and perception of tuberculosis among public transport workers attending Road Safety Education courses in Lima, Peru.

METHODS: An observational, cross-sectional, analytic study was conducted between July and August 2014 in public transport workers attending the courses of Road Safety education. In Lima, such courses are mandatory for workers in the public transport area. An anonymous and voluntary survey was applied to obtain the following variables: sociodemographic characteristics, history of tuberculosis, tuberculosis knowledge and attitudes towards the disease. The factors associated to the risk perception of Tuberculosis infection were analysed using Poisson regression.

RESULTS: From 309 attendees, 216 surveys were analysed (69.9%). Of these, 88.4% were males, 3.2% had a history of tuberculosis. The most widely known symptom was cough with phlegm (44.4%), the most popular source of information was television (39.8%), and only 9.7% had any training about tuberculosis. A 41.2% of respondents believed that working in the public transport sector was an occupation with a high risk of tuberculosis infection. No significant association between risk perception of tuberculosis and sociodemographic characteristics was found.

CONCLUSION: A considerable lack of knowledge about tuberculosis symptoms and a low perception of risk for tuberculosis exists among public transport workers in Lima. Education strategies directed to this population need to be implemented.

Título traducido de la contribuciónKnowledge and perception about tuberculosis among public transport workers in Lima, Peru
Idioma originalEspañol
Páginas (desde-hasta)e6629
PublicaciónMedwave
Volumen16
N.º10
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 23 nov 2016
Publicado de forma externa

Palabras clave

  • primary prevention
  • public transport
  • pulmonary tuberculosis

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