Characteristics of children with autism spectrum disorder in pediatric rehabilitation at a referral hospital in Peru

Título traducido de la contribución: Características de niños con trastorno del espectro autista en rehabilitación pediátrica de un hospital de referencia en Perú

Roger De la Cerna-Luna, Daniel Fernandez-Guzman, Marilia Baquerizo-Sedano, Stephanie Cabala-Olazabal, Alvaro Taype-Rondan

Producción científica: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

OBJECTIVE.: Motivation for the study. Despite the prevalence of ASD, research in the field of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation is scarce in Peru. Main findings. Of 120 children with a previous diagnosis of ASD, only 9.8% received inclusive education. The median age at diagnosis was 3.83 years. We also found that 78.4% had no disability certificate and 77.5% had incomplete psychological evaluation. The median time since the last physical, occupational, and speech therapy sessions was 3 months, 8 months, and 3.5 months, respectively. Implications. These findings highlight the need to enhance early diagnosis, inclusive education, and evaluation and subsequent certification of disability, as well as to establish more timely interventions. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is characterized by developmental disorders, difficulties in social interaction and communication, and restrictive and repetitive patterns of behavior. Despite its high prevalence, few studies have been conducted in rehabilitation settings. This study aimed to describe the characteristics of children with ASD from the Pediatric Rehabilitation Service of the Rebagliati Hospital (SRP-HNERM). MATERIALS AND METHODS.: Cross-sectional descriptive study. We reviewed the medical records of children under 14 years of age previously diagnosed with ASD from the SRP-HNERM during 2022. RESULTS.: A total of 120 children with ASD were evaluated. The median age was 5 years. Most received regular education, but it was inclusive only for 9.8%. The mean age at diagnosis was 3.83 years. We found that 78.4% had no disability certificate and 77.5% of the participants had incomplete psychological evaluation. The median time since the last physical, occupational and speech therapy sessions was 3, 8 and 3.5 months respectively. CONCLUSION.: The mean age at diagnosis of ASD was older than three years, and more than 75% of the patients had neither a disability certificate nor a complete psychological evaluation. The median time since the last rehabilitation therapy sessions was three months or more. Our findings highlight the need to improve early diagnosis, inclusive education and evaluation and subsequent certification of disability, as well as to establish timely interventions.

Título traducido de la contribuciónCaracterísticas de niños con trastorno del espectro autista en rehabilitación pediátrica de un hospital de referencia en Perú
Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)19-27
Número de páginas9
PublicaciónRevista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica
Volumen41
N.º1
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 27 may. 2024

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