Cardiovascular disease in human immunodeficiency virus-infection as a cause of hospitalization: A case-series in a General Hospital in Peru

Germán Valenzuela-Rodríguez, Edward Mezones Holguin, Fernando Mendo-Urbina, Alfonso J. Rodríguez-Morales

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

2 Citas (Scopus)

Resumen

Cardiovascular disease in the context of human immunodeficiency virus infection has become a major clinical concern in recent years. In the current report we assess hospitalizations due to cardiovascular disease in human immunodeficiency virus patients in a Social Security reference hospital in Peru. Methods: A retrospective study was carried out between January 1996 and December 2012 in a General Hospital in Lima, Peru. Results: We included 26 patients hospitalized due to cardiovascular disease. Mean age was 46.3 years (SD 12.5), predominantly male (57.7%). Ten patients (38.4%) were in Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome stages. Seventeen (65.4%) received high-active-antiretroviral therapy. Eleven (42.3%) had cardiac involvement and 15 (57.7%) had non-cardiac vascular involvement. The most frequent causes of cardiac involvement were pericardial effusion and myocardial infarction. On the other hand, deep vein thrombosis and stroke were the most frequent for non-cardiac vascular involvement. Conclusions: Cardiovascular disease is an important cause of hospitalization in Peruvian human immunodeficiency virus patients, with differences between immunosuppression stages. Further studies analyzing associated factors are warranted.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)431-435
Número de páginas5
PublicaciónBrazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volumen19
N.º4
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 jul 2015
Publicado de forma externa

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