Can working at home be a hazard? Ergonomic factors associated with musculoskeletal disorders among teleworkers during the COVID-19 pandemic: a scoping review

Liliana Cruz-Ausejo, Anthony Copez-Lonzoy, Ana Lucía Vilela-Estrada, Juan José Valverde, Melissa Bohórquez, Miguel Moscoso-Porras

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Objectives. The improvised and massive adoption of remote work in the context of COVID-19 has forced us to adapt homes as workspaces, which could promote development of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs). This review explores the evidence for ergonomic factors associated with MSDs in teleworkers. Methods. A literature search was conducted in MEDLINE, Embase, Scopus, SciELO and EBSCO. We included observational studies published between March 2020 and October 2021 that included teleworking personnel due to the restrictions of the pandemic. Results. A total of 212 studies were identified, 14 were chosen for complete review. Associated factors were change of work modality (on-site work to telework), use of home environments as workspaces (areas not adapted for work and with low lighting), working furniture (non-ergonomic chairs and desks), use of electronic devices (tablets, cell phones and laptops), organizational factors (working hours, active breaks, sitting time) and individual factors (physical activity practice). Conclusion. Various ergonomic home factors and the characteristics of teleworking–mainly furniture, the environment of work and physical activity–are associated with MSDs. This evidence suggests that the norms and regulation of telework can consider the adaptation of workspace and conditions at home to prevent health problems in the medium and long term.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)1-10
Número de páginas10
PublicaciónInternational Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2022
Publicado de forma externa

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