Association between glycemic control and albuminuria among Peruvian adults with diabetes mellitus 2: a cross-sectional analytical study

Lucero Del Carmen Collazos-Huamán, Camila Guerreros-Espino, Percy Herrera-Añazco, Vicente Aleixandre Benites-Zapata

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículorevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

BACKGROUND: Albuminuria is a risk factor for microvascular and macrovascular complications in the diabetic population. However, few studies have correlated poor glycemic control and albuminuria prevalence in Hispanic populations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between glycemic control and albuminuria among Peruvian adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional analytical study among adults with T2DM in Lima, Peru. METHODS: We included adults over 18 years old who were in a clinical follow-up program at a private clinic in Lima in 2018. Poor glycemic control was defined as a serum value of glycosylated hemoglobin A1C (HbA1C) ≥ 7%. Albuminuria was defined as albumin values > 30 mg/dl in the first morning urine. We generated generalized linear regression models from the Poisson family with robust variance. We calculat-ed the crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PRs) with their 95% confidence interval (CI). RESULTS: We analyzed 907 participants of median age 58 years (interquartile range, IQR 49 to 66), and 62.8% were males. The prevalence of poor glycemic control was 39.8%, and the prevalence of albuminuria was 22.7%. The prevalences of albuminuria in groups with poor glycemic control and adequate glycemic control were 32.7% and 16.1%, respectively. In the adjusted regression analysis, we found a statistically significant association between poor glycemic control and albuminuria (annual percentage rate, aPR = 1.70; 95% CI: 1.28-2.27). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of poor glycemic control and albuminuria was high in our study popu-lation. Moreover, Peruvian T2DM adults with poor glycemic control were more likely to have albuminuria.

Idioma originalInglés
Páginas (desde-hasta)767-774
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónSao Paulo Medical Journal
Volumen140
N.º6
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 2022

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