Alcohol consumption and suicide risk in medical internship: A Peruvian multicentric study

Carlos A. Carrasco-Farfan, Daniela Alvarez-Cutipa, Jennifer Vilchez-Cornejo, Magaly Lizana-Medrano, Paula A. Durand-Anahua, Jorge A. Rengifo-Sanchez, Alexis Rebatta-Acuña, Wildor S. Cubas, Hugo Arroyo-Hernandez, Carlos J. Toro-Huamanchumo

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículoInvestigaciónrevisión exhaustiva

Resumen

Introduction and Aim: Suicide and harmful alcohol consumption are major health problems, especially in medical students. This study aimed to evaluate the association between risk for alcohol abuse and suicide risk in medical interns of Peruvian hospitals. Design and Methods: We conducted a multicentre cross-sectional study in medical interns from 18 Peruvian hospitals. We measured suicide risk, risk for alcohol abuse, depression and self-esteem using the Plutchik Suicide Risk Scale, CAGE, Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, respectively. We used χ 2 and Student t-tests for descriptive analysis. To evaluate the association between risk for alcohol abuse and suicide risk we generated crude and adjusted Poisson regression models with robust variance and estimated prevalence ratios with 95% confidence intervals. Results: We surveyed 433 medical interns. The prevalence of suicide risk and risk for alcohol abuse was 19.6% and 27.5%, respectively. We found significant differences in suicide risk according to age (P < 0.001), region of origin (P = 0.002), with whom the participant lived (P < 0.001), university of origin (P = 0.040), type of hospital (P = 0.042), family history of attempted suicide (P = 0.043), self-esteem level (P < 0.001) and alcohol consumption (P < 0.001). In the adjusted model, age (PRa: 1.11, 95% confidence interval 1.05–1.17) and risk for alcohol abuse (PRa: 7.60, 95% confidence interval 4.46–12, 96) were associated with suicide risk. Discussion and Conclusions: Two out of 10 medical interns had a positive screening for suicide risk. Age and especially risk for alcohol abuse were the associated variables.

Idioma originalInglés estadounidense
Páginas (desde-hasta)201-208
Número de páginas8
PublicaciónDrug and Alcohol Review
Volumen38
N.º2
DOI
EstadoPublicada - 1 feb 2019

Huella dactilar

internship
Internship and Residency
alcohol consumption
Alcohol Drinking
Suicide
suicide
Alcoholism
abuse
alcohol
Self Concept
self-esteem
confidence
Confidence Intervals
Depression
Attempted Suicide
Medical Students
genealogy
cross-sectional study
medical student

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Carrasco-Farfan, C. A., Alvarez-Cutipa, D., Vilchez-Cornejo, J., Lizana-Medrano, M., Durand-Anahua, P. A., Rengifo-Sanchez, J. A., ... Toro-Huamanchumo, C. J. (2019). Alcohol consumption and suicide risk in medical internship: A Peruvian multicentric study. Drug and Alcohol Review, 38(2), 201-208. https://doi.org/10.1111/dar.12897
Carrasco-Farfan, Carlos A. ; Alvarez-Cutipa, Daniela ; Vilchez-Cornejo, Jennifer ; Lizana-Medrano, Magaly ; Durand-Anahua, Paula A. ; Rengifo-Sanchez, Jorge A. ; Rebatta-Acuña, Alexis ; Cubas, Wildor S. ; Arroyo-Hernandez, Hugo ; Toro-Huamanchumo, Carlos J. / Alcohol consumption and suicide risk in medical internship: A Peruvian multicentric study. En: Drug and Alcohol Review. 2019 ; Vol. 38, N.º 2. pp. 201-208.
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title = "Alcohol consumption and suicide risk in medical internship: A Peruvian multicentric study",
abstract = "Introduction and Aim: Suicide and harmful alcohol consumption are major health problems, especially in medical students. This study aimed to evaluate the association between risk for alcohol abuse and suicide risk in medical interns of Peruvian hospitals. Design and Methods: We conducted a multicentre cross-sectional study in medical interns from 18 Peruvian hospitals. We measured suicide risk, risk for alcohol abuse, depression and self-esteem using the Plutchik Suicide Risk Scale, CAGE, Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, respectively. We used χ 2 and Student t-tests for descriptive analysis. To evaluate the association between risk for alcohol abuse and suicide risk we generated crude and adjusted Poisson regression models with robust variance and estimated prevalence ratios with 95{\%} confidence intervals. Results: We surveyed 433 medical interns. The prevalence of suicide risk and risk for alcohol abuse was 19.6{\%} and 27.5{\%}, respectively. We found significant differences in suicide risk according to age (P < 0.001), region of origin (P = 0.002), with whom the participant lived (P < 0.001), university of origin (P = 0.040), type of hospital (P = 0.042), family history of attempted suicide (P = 0.043), self-esteem level (P < 0.001) and alcohol consumption (P < 0.001). In the adjusted model, age (PRa: 1.11, 95{\%} confidence interval 1.05–1.17) and risk for alcohol abuse (PRa: 7.60, 95{\%} confidence interval 4.46–12, 96) were associated with suicide risk. Discussion and Conclusions: Two out of 10 medical interns had a positive screening for suicide risk. Age and especially risk for alcohol abuse were the associated variables.",
keywords = "alcoholism, internship and residency, self-concept, suicide",
author = "Carrasco-Farfan, {Carlos A.} and Daniela Alvarez-Cutipa and Jennifer Vilchez-Cornejo and Magaly Lizana-Medrano and Durand-Anahua, {Paula A.} and Rengifo-Sanchez, {Jorge A.} and Alexis Rebatta-Acu{\~n}a and Cubas, {Wildor S.} and Hugo Arroyo-Hernandez and Toro-Huamanchumo, {Carlos J.}",
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Carrasco-Farfan, CA, Alvarez-Cutipa, D, Vilchez-Cornejo, J, Lizana-Medrano, M, Durand-Anahua, PA, Rengifo-Sanchez, JA, Rebatta-Acuña, A, Cubas, WS, Arroyo-Hernandez, H & Toro-Huamanchumo, CJ 2019, 'Alcohol consumption and suicide risk in medical internship: A Peruvian multicentric study', Drug and Alcohol Review, vol. 38, n.º 2, pp. 201-208. https://doi.org/10.1111/dar.12897

Alcohol consumption and suicide risk in medical internship: A Peruvian multicentric study. / Carrasco-Farfan, Carlos A.; Alvarez-Cutipa, Daniela; Vilchez-Cornejo, Jennifer; Lizana-Medrano, Magaly; Durand-Anahua, Paula A.; Rengifo-Sanchez, Jorge A.; Rebatta-Acuña, Alexis; Cubas, Wildor S.; Arroyo-Hernandez, Hugo; Toro-Huamanchumo, Carlos J.

En: Drug and Alcohol Review, Vol. 38, N.º 2, 01.02.2019, p. 201-208.

Resultado de la investigación: Contribución a una revistaArtículoInvestigaciónrevisión exhaustiva

TY - JOUR

T1 - Alcohol consumption and suicide risk in medical internship: A Peruvian multicentric study

AU - Carrasco-Farfan, Carlos A.

AU - Alvarez-Cutipa, Daniela

AU - Vilchez-Cornejo, Jennifer

AU - Lizana-Medrano, Magaly

AU - Durand-Anahua, Paula A.

AU - Rengifo-Sanchez, Jorge A.

AU - Rebatta-Acuña, Alexis

AU - Cubas, Wildor S.

AU - Arroyo-Hernandez, Hugo

AU - Toro-Huamanchumo, Carlos J.

PY - 2019/2/1

Y1 - 2019/2/1

N2 - Introduction and Aim: Suicide and harmful alcohol consumption are major health problems, especially in medical students. This study aimed to evaluate the association between risk for alcohol abuse and suicide risk in medical interns of Peruvian hospitals. Design and Methods: We conducted a multicentre cross-sectional study in medical interns from 18 Peruvian hospitals. We measured suicide risk, risk for alcohol abuse, depression and self-esteem using the Plutchik Suicide Risk Scale, CAGE, Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, respectively. We used χ 2 and Student t-tests for descriptive analysis. To evaluate the association between risk for alcohol abuse and suicide risk we generated crude and adjusted Poisson regression models with robust variance and estimated prevalence ratios with 95% confidence intervals. Results: We surveyed 433 medical interns. The prevalence of suicide risk and risk for alcohol abuse was 19.6% and 27.5%, respectively. We found significant differences in suicide risk according to age (P < 0.001), region of origin (P = 0.002), with whom the participant lived (P < 0.001), university of origin (P = 0.040), type of hospital (P = 0.042), family history of attempted suicide (P = 0.043), self-esteem level (P < 0.001) and alcohol consumption (P < 0.001). In the adjusted model, age (PRa: 1.11, 95% confidence interval 1.05–1.17) and risk for alcohol abuse (PRa: 7.60, 95% confidence interval 4.46–12, 96) were associated with suicide risk. Discussion and Conclusions: Two out of 10 medical interns had a positive screening for suicide risk. Age and especially risk for alcohol abuse were the associated variables.

AB - Introduction and Aim: Suicide and harmful alcohol consumption are major health problems, especially in medical students. This study aimed to evaluate the association between risk for alcohol abuse and suicide risk in medical interns of Peruvian hospitals. Design and Methods: We conducted a multicentre cross-sectional study in medical interns from 18 Peruvian hospitals. We measured suicide risk, risk for alcohol abuse, depression and self-esteem using the Plutchik Suicide Risk Scale, CAGE, Zung Self-Rating Depression Scale and Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, respectively. We used χ 2 and Student t-tests for descriptive analysis. To evaluate the association between risk for alcohol abuse and suicide risk we generated crude and adjusted Poisson regression models with robust variance and estimated prevalence ratios with 95% confidence intervals. Results: We surveyed 433 medical interns. The prevalence of suicide risk and risk for alcohol abuse was 19.6% and 27.5%, respectively. We found significant differences in suicide risk according to age (P < 0.001), region of origin (P = 0.002), with whom the participant lived (P < 0.001), university of origin (P = 0.040), type of hospital (P = 0.042), family history of attempted suicide (P = 0.043), self-esteem level (P < 0.001) and alcohol consumption (P < 0.001). In the adjusted model, age (PRa: 1.11, 95% confidence interval 1.05–1.17) and risk for alcohol abuse (PRa: 7.60, 95% confidence interval 4.46–12, 96) were associated with suicide risk. Discussion and Conclusions: Two out of 10 medical interns had a positive screening for suicide risk. Age and especially risk for alcohol abuse were the associated variables.

KW - alcoholism

KW - internship and residency

KW - self-concept

KW - suicide

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JO - Drug and Alcohol Review

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Carrasco-Farfan CA, Alvarez-Cutipa D, Vilchez-Cornejo J, Lizana-Medrano M, Durand-Anahua PA, Rengifo-Sanchez JA y otros. Alcohol consumption and suicide risk in medical internship: A Peruvian multicentric study. Drug and Alcohol Review. 2019 feb 1;38(2):201-208. https://doi.org/10.1111/dar.12897