Zirconia Dental Implants as a Different Alternative to Titanium: A Literature Review

José Chile, Antonio Dolores, Fran Espinoza-Carhuancho, Daniel Alvitez-Temoche, Arnaldo Munive-Degregori, John Barja-Ore, Frank Mayta-Tovalino

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: This article aims to provide an overview of the scientific evidence comparing zirconium dental implants with titanium implants. Materials and Methods: A comprehensive literature review was conducted using the MEDLINE database accessed through PubMed and Scopus. The search included the keywords “dental implant,” “zirconia dental implant,” and “titanium dental implant” without any date restrictions. Results: The review examined research articles focusing on the physical and chemical characteristics of titanium and zirconia dental implants. Additionally, studies investigating the strength and translucency of zirconia, as well as the osseointegration of both materials, were analyzed. However, no conclusive evidence demonstrating the superiority of either material was found in the current literature. Conclusion: Taking into account the findings of this narrative study, no significant differences were identified between zirconium and titanium dental implants. Further scientific research is required to establish a definitive recommendation regarding the use of one material over the other.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357-364
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry
Volume13
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Dental implants
  • titanium
  • zirconia

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