Spatial analysis of hypertension in Peruvian adults, 2022

Akram Hernández-Vásquez, Brenda Noemí Carrillo Morote, Victoria Del Carmen Azurin Gonzales, Efraín Y. Turpo Cayo, Diego Azañedo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective. To perform a spatial analysis of hypertension in the Peruvian adult population to identify geographic patterns with a higher concentration of cases. Materials and methods. A spatial analysis was conducted using data from the Demographic and Family Health Survey (ENDES) 2022. A sample of 29,422 adults was included, and the global Moran’s index and Getis-Ord Gi* analysis were used to evaluate spatial autocorrelation and cluster concentration. Results. The age-standardized prevalence of hypertension was 19.2%. Clusters with a high concentration of hypertension were observed in departments along the Peruvian coast such as Tumbes, Piura, Lambayeque, La Libertad, Ancash, and Lima, as well as in the northern regions of the Highlands. Clusters were also found in the regions of Loreto and Madre de Dios in the Peruvian jungle. Conclusions. This study revealed geographic patterns of hypertension in Peru, with a higher concentration of cases along the Peruvian coast and in certain regions of the Highlands and Jungle. These findings highlight the need to develop strategies for the prevention and control of the disease, especially in the areas identified as high-prevalence clusters.

Translated title of the contributionAnálisis espacial de la hipertensión arterial en adultos peruanos, 2022
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)48-54
Number of pages7
JournalArchivos Peruanos de Cardiologia y Cirugia Cardiovascular
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Jun 2023

Keywords

  • Health Surveys
  • Hypertension
  • Peru (source: MeSH-NLM)
  • Spatial Analysis

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