Objective: To estimate the prevalence and socioeconomic inequalities in adequate consumption of fruits and vegetables in Peru between 2014 and 2019. Design: Analytical cross-sectional study. The outcome variable was adequate consumption of fruits and vegetables, defined as the consumption of five or more servings of fruits and vegetables per-day (yes/no). We used concentration curves and Erreygers concentration index (ECI) to describe socioeconomic inequalities and a microeconometric approach to determine the contribution of each variable to inequality. Setting: Peru. Subjects: Data from Peruvians aged 15 years or older collected by the Demographic and Family Health Survey. Results: The prevalence of adequate fruit and vegetable consumption did not change between 2014 (10.7%; 95% CI: 10.0-11.4) and 2019 (11%; 95% CI: 10.4-11.7). We found socioeconomic inequalities in the adequate consumption of fruits and vegetables, with wealthier individuals having a higher prevalence of adequate consumption compared to poorer individuals in 2014 (19.2% vs. 3.5%) and 2019 (18.6% vs. 4.7%). The decomposition analysis found that education, urban areas and being wealthy were the main factors associated with socioeconomic inequality in adequate fruit and vegetable consumption, being structural problems of society. Conclusion: Despite the current regulations on healthy eating in Peru, adequate consumption of fruits and vegetables remains low, and there are socioeconomic inequalities between the poorest and wealthiest individuals. Our findings suggest that more efforts are needed to increase the intake and assess the disparities in adequate fruit and vegetable consumption.
- Latin America
- Social Inequalities