Sleep Disorders and Their Associated Factors during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Data from Peruvian Medical Students

Cesar Copaja-Corzo, Brayan Miranda-Chavez, Dariela Vizcarra-Jiménez, Miguel Hueda-Zavaleta, Marco Rivarola-Hidalgo, Edgar G. Parihuana-Travezaño, Alvaro Taype-Rondan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Background and objectives: Sleep disorders are a common public health problem among college students. The objective of this study was to evaluate sleep quality and its associated factors in medical students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Materials and Methods: Cross-sectional analytical study—we conducted a secondary analysis of the survey “Nomophobia in medical students in Peru” database between 2020 and 2021. Sleep disturbances were assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). To evaluate associated factors, crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (aPR) and their 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated. Results: We analyzed data from 3139 participants from 18 cities in Peru (61.1% were women, median age: 22 years). 43.4% had a quality of sleep that could require medical attention; the PSQI dimension with the highest score was daytime dysfunction. The poor sleep quality was associated with symptoms of anxiety (aPR: 1.48; 95% CI: 1.27–1.72), depression (aPR: 2.03; 1.72–2.39), or nomophobia (aPR: 1.28; 1.09–1.51). Conclusions: Sleep disorders were a common problem among Peruvian medical students and were associated with anxiety, depression, or nomophobia symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1325
JournalMedicina (Lithuania)
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2022


  • medical
  • nomophobia
  • Peru
  • Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index
  • sleep quality
  • students
  • Pandemics
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Humans
  • Sleep Wake Disorders/epidemiology
  • Male
  • Students, Medical
  • Young Adult
  • COVID-19/epidemiology
  • Female
  • Adult
  • Peru/epidemiology


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