Seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in pregnant women and its associated factors among hospital and community populations in Lambayeque, Peru

Heber Silva-Díaz, Emma V. Arriaga-Deza, Virgilio E. Failoc-Rojas, Yessica R. Alarcón-Flores, Sara Y. Rojas-Rojas, Lizzie K. Becerra-Gutiérrez, Katya M. Mera-Villasis, Franklin R. Aguilar-Gamboa, Teresa Silva-García

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Toxoplasmosis is a zoonosis caused by Toxoplasma gondii. This study investigated the prevalence and factors associated with toxoplasmosis among pregnant women. Methods: We followed an analytical observational study. From July 2016 to June 2017, 218 pregnant women were selected. The infection was detected through serological dosage of anti-T.gondii Immunoglobulin(Ig) M and IgG antibodies. Results: The seroprevalence was 35.8%; the factors associated with infection were consumption of non-drinking water, residence in an urban area, and threatened abortion during the current pregnancy. Conclusions: The seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis among pregnant women is high. The risk factors are dependent on environmental determinants.

Original languageAmerican English
Article numbere20190164
Pages (from-to)e20190164
JournalRevista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
Volume53
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Antibodies
  • Pregnancy
  • Seroprevalence
  • Toxoplasmosis
  • Immunoglobulin G/blood
  • Immunoglobulin M/blood
  • Prevalence
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors
  • Toxoplasmosis/diagnosis
  • Seroepidemiologic Studies
  • Socioeconomic Factors
  • Antibodies, Protozoan/blood
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Pregnancy Complications, Parasitic/diagnosis
  • Peru/epidemiology

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