Prevalence and incidence of diabetic peripheral neuropathy in Latin America and the Caribbean: A systematic review and metaanalysis

Marlon Yovera-Aldana, Victor Velasquez-Rimachi, Andrely Huerta-Rosario, M. D. More-Yupanqui, Mariela Osores-Flores, Ricardo Espinoza, Fradis Gil-Olivares, Cesar Quispe-Nolazco, Flor Quea-Velez, Christian Moran-Mariños, Isabel Pinedo-Torres, Carlos Alva-Diaz, Kevin Pacheco-Barrios

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

AIMS: The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to estimate the prevalence and incidence of diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC).

MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, SCOPUS, Web of Science, EMBASE and LILACS databases of published observational studies in LAC up to December 2020. Meta-analyses of proportions were performed using random-effects models using Stata Program 15.1. Heterogeneity was evaluated through sensitivity, subgroup, and meta-regression analyses. Evidence certainty was performed with the GRADE approach.

RESULTS: Twenty-nine studies from eight countries were included. The estimated prevalence of DPN was 46.5% (95%CI: 38.0-55.0) with a significant heterogeneity (I2 = 98.2%; p<0.01). Only two studies reported incidence, and the pooled effect size was 13.7% (95%CI: 10.6-17.2). We found an increasing trend of cumulative DPN prevalence over time. The main sources of heterogeneity associated with higher prevalence were diagnosis criteria, higher A1c (%), and inadequate sample size. We judge the included evidence as very low certainty.

CONCLUSION: The overall prevalence of DPN is high in LAC with significant heterogeneity between and within countries that could be explained by population type and methodological aspects. Significant gaps (e.g., under-representation of most countries, lack of incidence studies, and heterogenous case definition) were identified. Standardized and population-based studies of DPN in LAC are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0251642
Pages (from-to)e0251642
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume16
Issue number5 May
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021

Keywords

  • Caribbean Region
  • Diabetic Neuropathies/epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Latin America/epidemiology
  • Prevalence

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Prevalence and incidence of diabetic peripheral neuropathy in Latin America and the Caribbean: A systematic review and metaanalysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this