Prevalence and factors associated with non-use of health services in the Peruvian population with COVID-19 symptomatology: A secondary analysis of the 2020 National Household Survey

Akram Hernández-Vásquez, Fabriccio J. Visconti-Lopez, Diego Azañedo

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1 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence of non-use of health services (NUHS) and its associated factors in Peruvians with symptoms of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). METHODS: A secondary analysis of the 2020 National Household Survey (ENAHO) was carried out. Participants over 18 years of age with any COVID-19 symptom (fever, cough, sensation of shortness of breath) in the last 4 weeks who did not visit health services were defined as exhibiting NUHS. Adjusted prevalence ratios (aPRs) were estimated to determine the factors associated with NUHS. RESULTS: Data from 1,856 participants were analyzed; the prevalence of NUHS was 52.2% (95% confidence interval [CI], 48.0 to 56.5). Living in urban areas of the jungle (aPR, 1.61; 95% CI, 1.32 to 1.98; p< 0.001) and rural areas of the jungle (aPR, 1.48; 95% CI, 1.15 to 1.90; p= 0.002) was associated with a higher probability of NUHS than living in urban coastal areas. The factors associated with a lower probability of NUHS were being 50-59 years old (aPR, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.58 to 0.90) and 60 years and over (aPR, 0.74; 95% CI, 0.59 to 0.95), having a secondary educational level (aPR, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.48 to 0.93) or superior educational level (aPR, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.48 to 0.96), and having health insurance (aPR, 0.79; 95% CI, 0.68 to 0.92). CONCLUSIONS: More than half of the participants with COVID-19 symptoms did not use health services, and NUHS was associated with the geographic and socio-demographic characteristics of the population. The formulation of health strategies and programs is required to increase the use of health services by people with COVID-19 symptoms.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2021084
JournalEpidemiology and health
Volume43
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • Health services accessibility
  • Health systems
  • Peru

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