Prevalence and Associated Factors of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in University Students in Paraguay during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Telmo Raul Aveiro-Róbalo, Luciana Daniela Garlisi-Torales, Marisella Chumán-Sánchez, César J. Pereira-Victorio, Mariana Huaman-Garcia, Virgilio E. Failoc-Rojas, Mario J. Valladares-Garrido

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

We aimed to determine the prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress in university students in Paraguay during the COVID-19 pandemic. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 293 students from four universities in Paraguay in 2021. The DASS-21 mental health scale was used to measure the outcomes (depression, anxiety, and stress) and evaluate their association with socio-educational variables. A total of 77.1% of the participants were women and 136 (46.4%) were between 21 and 25 years old. The prevalence of depression, anxiety, and stress was 74.7%, 87.4%, and 57%, respectively. We found that being a woman and studying at a public university was positively associated with depression, anxiety, and stress. Receiving COVID-19 training increases the prevalence of mental health problems. In conclusion, high levels of anxiety, depression, and stress were found in university students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Being a woman, studying at a public university, and receiving training on COVID-19 were factors associated with a higher prevalence of presenting all the mental health problems evaluated. Furthermore, students aged 31 and over had a higher prevalence of depression and stress.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12930
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume19
Issue number19
DOIs
StatePublished - 9 Oct 2022

Keywords

  • anxiety
  • COVID-19
  • depression
  • Paraguay
  • stress
  • Anxiety/epidemiology
  • Pandemics
  • Prevalence
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Universities
  • Young Adult
  • SARS-CoV-2
  • COVID-19/epidemiology
  • Depression/epidemiology
  • Paraguay/epidemiology
  • Stress, Psychological/epidemiology
  • Adult
  • Female
  • Students/psychology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Prevalence and Associated Factors of Depression, Anxiety, and Stress in University Students in Paraguay during the COVID-19 Pandemic'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this