© 2019 Universidad Complutense de Madrid. All rights reserved. Between the context of the Spanish crisis of 1808 and the impact of the formation of Councils of Government in America broke the secret diary of Lima in 1811. Promoted by Fernando López Aldana in the capital of the administration of Abascal in the Peru, the form went from being a manuscript conspirator a printed revolutionary. In that perspective, this research is aimed at analysis of dissident political discourse of the secret diary at the juncture of the independence and starting from four thematic focal points: the critique of despotism, adherence to the revolutionaries of Buenos Aires, the recurrence to the populace and the incidence for the participation of the fair sex at that juncture of war and revolution.