Myocarditis manifestations in dengue cases: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Mokanpally Sandeep, Bijaya K. Padhi, Sree Sudha Tanguturi Yella, K. G. Sruthi, Raghul Gandhi Venkatesan, KS B.S. Krishna Sasanka, Prakasini Satapathy, Aroop Mohanty, Jaffar A. Al-Tawfiq, Muhammad Iqhrammullah, Ali A. Rabaan, Ankita Kabi, Sanjit Sah, Sarvesh Rustagi, Zahraa Haleem Al-qaim, Joshuan J. Barboza, Yasir Waheed, Harapan Harapan, Ranjit Sah

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Dengue fever is a zoonotic viral infection that raises a global alarm in the tropics and subtropics, with the potentially escalating into newer geographical regions. Severe dengue may be associated with fatal complications such as myocarditis. There is a paucity of available data on the prevalence of dengue-associated myocarditis. The objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to estimate the global prevalence of dengue-associated myocarditis. Methods: A systematic search was conducted utilizing the Cochrane library, PubMed, Scopus, ProQuest, Web of Science, and Preprint servers such as arXiv, medRxiv, bioRxiv, BioRN, ChiRN, ChiRxiv, and SSRN as of November 25, 2022. All primary studies (case series, cross-sectional, retrospective, and prospective) that reported confirmed cases of dengue myocarditis were included. The I2 statistic test assessed the heterogenic characteristics and publication bias was evaluated using Doi plot and Egger regression tests. Results: A total of 12 studies conducted between 2007 and 2022 with 2795 laboratory-confirmed dengue patients were included. Of the included cases, 502 were positive for myocarditis, with a prevalence of 2.4–78%. The pooled prevalence of dengue-induced myocarditis in the studied population was 21.0% (95% CI, 9 – 38%). The prediction interval was estimated to be 0.00 - 0.81. Conclusion: Myocarditis in dengue patients is a significant and understudied complication in many aspects. To prevent dengue-associated myocarditis, appropriate measures such as early detection of cases and signs, symptoms-based diagnosis via electrocardiography and echocardiography, as well as relevant vector control policies must be implemented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1761-1768
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Infection and Public Health
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Cardiac dysfunction
  • Cardiovascular complications
  • Dengue
  • Echocardiography
  • Global prevalence
  • Myocarditis
  • Viral infection


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