Morbimortality Associated with Liver Cirrhosis in Peru: An Ecological Analysis for the Period of 2004-2016

Daniela Rojas-Acuña, Nilo Polo-Samillan, Angie Z. Vasquez-Chavesta, Crist Escalante-Arias, Cristhian J. Rios-Perez, Carlos J. Toro-Huamanchumo

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Liver cirrhosis (LC) is an irreversible, chronic disease and constitutes the last clinical stage of many different liver diseases. The main cause of death is upper gastrointestinal bleeding caused by esophageal variceal rupture. We aim to depict the trend and estimate the morbimortality. For this, we conducted an ecological study and analyzed data from 2004-2016 using the public information provided by the Peruvian Ministry of Health (Ministerio de Salud del Perú, MINSA). Morbidity and mortality were presented according to 5-year groups. Regions were divided according to age quintiles for each studied year, and standardized morbidity and mortality rates were calculated for each natural geographic region; we found that LC-related morbidity per 100,000 people was 52.3 in 2004 and 117.9 in 2016. LC-related mortality had increased from 13.6 deaths per 100,000 people in 2004-2005 to 16.8 deaths per 100,000 people in 2015-2016. Morbidity showed an upward trend in Peru, especially in the departments of Callao, Ica, and Tumbes, whereas mortality showed an upward trend in the departments of Lambayeque, Ica, and Callao.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Issue number15
StatePublished - 25 Jul 2022


  • liver cirrhosis
  • morbidity
  • mortality


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