Massive pleural empyema secondary to amoebic liver abscess in a child

Héctor Nuñez-Paucar, Mariela K. Zamudio-Aquise, Carlos Valera-Moreno, Maycol S. Ccorahua-Rios, Noé Atamari-Anahui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Pleural empyema secondary to a ruptured amoebic liver abscess is a rare complication in the pediatric population. Case report: We report the case of a 13-year-old male with right flank abdominal pain, productive cough with foul-smelling sputum, fever, and respiratory distress. Physical examination revealed breathlessness, decreased vesicular murmur in the right hemithorax, abdominal distension, hepatomegaly, and lower limb edema. Laboratory tests revealed mild anemia, leukocytosis without eosinophilia, elevated alkaline phosphatase, hypoalbuminemia, and positive immunoglobulin G antibodies against Entamoeba histolytica in pleural fluid. He required a chest tube and treatment with metronidazole. After 2 months of follow-up, the abscesses disappeared, and the empyema decreased. Conclusions: Massive pleural empyema secondary to a ruptured liver abscess is a rare complication. The epidemiological link associated with the symptoms and serological tests can help in the diagnosis.

Translated title of the contributionEmpiema pleural masivo secundario a absceso hepático amebiano en un niño
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)265-268
Number of pages4
JournalBoletin Medico del Hospital Infantil de Mexico
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2023


  • Amebic liver abscess
  • Entamoeba histolytica
  • Metronidazole
  • Pediatric patient
  • Pleural empyema


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