The gender differences in highly paid wage: A case study of peruvian physicians

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Abstract

In recent decades, the number of women pursuing careers in health has significantly increased. However, the physician labor market is still characterized by gender differences regarding payment. Using a nationally representative Peruvian sample of health providers (3,219 male and 1,063 female physi-cians), we estimated the gender gap in the likelihood of earning high wages for physicians and decomposed this gap in a proportion related to differences in individual characteristics (e.g. specialty, labor experience), and a residual proportion related to differences in returns to these characteristics. Our main results reveal that male physicians have on average an 81% higher likelihood of earning high salaries (monthly earning level > 5,000 PEN) relative to their female counterparts. Further, the main proportion of this gap is associated to the unexplained component (among 57% and 77%, according to the model specification), which may be associated to unobservable characteristics and discrimination in the Peruvian labor market.

Translated title of the contributionThe gender differences in highly paid wage: A case study of peruvian physicians
Original languageSpanish
Article numbere00043018
JournalCadernos de Saude Publica
Volume35
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Gender Gap
  • Physicians
  • Wages

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