Is anemia a public health problem among children under five years ago in peru? Findings from a national healthcare administrative database (2012 and 2016) using geographic information systems

Akram Hernández-Vásquez, Margot Peñares-Peñaloza, Alexis Rebatta-Acuña, Carlos Carrasco-Farfan, Camila Bordón-Luján, Marilina Santero, Guido Bendezu-Quispe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The objective of this study was to assess the change in the prevalence of anemia among under-five children attending public health services in Peru between 2012 and 2016, according to their place of residence, and to identify spatial clusters of districts with a high prevalence of anemia. An analytical cross-sectional study was carried out, based on data from the Nutritional State Information System from 2012 and 2016. We calculated the spatial autocorrelation of anemia prevalence at the district level using a global and local Moran’s I index. The prevalence of anemia was 34.4% (2012) and 40.3% (2016). In 2012 and 2016, 41.7% and 46.5% of districts, respectively, had a prevalence of anemia considered a severe public health problem acording WHO criteria. Positive spatial autocorrelation was found between the prevalence of anemia and the districts for both years (2012 Moran’s I: 0.22; 2016: 0.31, both p <0.001). Of the total number of districts, 8.3% (2012) and 12.6% (2016) presented a high prevalence of anemia and were also surrounded by districts with high prevalence. Anemia is a public health problem among children under five in Peru attending public health services and we identified areas with a higher concentration of anemia prevalence. Spatial patterns of anemia should be considered in the development and implementation of health interventions.

Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)718-726
Number of pages9
JournalRevista Chilena de Nutricion
Volume46
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2019

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Geographic Information Systems
Peru
geographic information systems
anemia
health services
Anemia
public health
Public Health
Databases
Delivery of Health Care
Spatial Analysis
United States Public Health Service
autocorrelation
Catchment Area (Health)
information systems
cross-sectional studies
nutritional status
Information Systems
Cross-Sectional Studies

Cite this

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title = "¿Es la anemia un problema de salud p{\'u}blica entre los menores de cinco a{\~n}os en el Per{\'u}? An{\'a}lisis de una base de datos administrativa nacional de salud (2012 y 2016) empleando sistemas de informaci{\'o}n Geogr{\'a}fica",
abstract = "The objective of this study was to assess the change in the prevalence of anemia among under-five children attending public health services in Peru between 2012 and 2016, according to their place of residence, and to identify spatial clusters of districts with a high prevalence of anemia. An analytical cross-sectional study was carried out, based on data from the Nutritional State Information System from 2012 and 2016. We calculated the spatial autocorrelation of anemia prevalence at the district level using a global and local Moran’s I index. The prevalence of anemia was 34.4{\%} (2012) and 40.3{\%} (2016). In 2012 and 2016, 41.7{\%} and 46.5{\%} of districts, respectively, had a prevalence of anemia considered a severe public health problem acording WHO criteria. Positive spatial autocorrelation was found between the prevalence of anemia and the districts for both years (2012 Moran’s I: 0.22; 2016: 0.31, both p <0.001). Of the total number of districts, 8.3{\%} (2012) and 12.6{\%} (2016) presented a high prevalence of anemia and were also surrounded by districts with high prevalence. Anemia is a public health problem among children under five in Peru attending public health services and we identified areas with a higher concentration of anemia prevalence. Spatial patterns of anemia should be considered in the development and implementation of health interventions. {\circledC} 2019, Sociedad Chilena de Nutricion Bromatologia y Toxilogica. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "Anemia, Children, Geographic Information Systems, Peru, Preschool, Spatial Analysis (Source: MeSH)",
author = "Akram Hern{\'a}ndez-V{\'a}squez and Margot Pe{\~n}ares-Pe{\~n}aloza and Alexis Rebatta-Acu{\~n}a and Carlos Carrasco-Farfan and Camila Bord{\'o}n-Luj{\'a}n and Marilina Santero and Guido Bendezu-Quispe",
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¿Es la anemia un problema de salud pública entre los menores de cinco años en el Perú? Análisis de una base de datos administrativa nacional de salud (2012 y 2016) empleando sistemas de información Geográfica. / Hernández-Vásquez, Akram; Peñares-Peñaloza, Margot; Rebatta-Acuña, Alexis; Carrasco-Farfan, Carlos; Bordón-Luján, Camila; Santero, Marilina; Bendezu-Quispe, Guido.

In: Revista Chilena de Nutricion, Vol. 46, No. 6, 12.2019, p. 718-726.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - ¿Es la anemia un problema de salud pública entre los menores de cinco años en el Perú? Análisis de una base de datos administrativa nacional de salud (2012 y 2016) empleando sistemas de información Geográfica

AU - Hernández-Vásquez, Akram

AU - Peñares-Peñaloza, Margot

AU - Rebatta-Acuña, Alexis

AU - Carrasco-Farfan, Carlos

AU - Bordón-Luján, Camila

AU - Santero, Marilina

AU - Bendezu-Quispe, Guido

PY - 2019/12

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AB - The objective of this study was to assess the change in the prevalence of anemia among under-five children attending public health services in Peru between 2012 and 2016, according to their place of residence, and to identify spatial clusters of districts with a high prevalence of anemia. An analytical cross-sectional study was carried out, based on data from the Nutritional State Information System from 2012 and 2016. We calculated the spatial autocorrelation of anemia prevalence at the district level using a global and local Moran’s I index. The prevalence of anemia was 34.4% (2012) and 40.3% (2016). In 2012 and 2016, 41.7% and 46.5% of districts, respectively, had a prevalence of anemia considered a severe public health problem acording WHO criteria. Positive spatial autocorrelation was found between the prevalence of anemia and the districts for both years (2012 Moran’s I: 0.22; 2016: 0.31, both p <0.001). Of the total number of districts, 8.3% (2012) and 12.6% (2016) presented a high prevalence of anemia and were also surrounded by districts with high prevalence. Anemia is a public health problem among children under five in Peru attending public health services and we identified areas with a higher concentration of anemia prevalence. Spatial patterns of anemia should be considered in the development and implementation of health interventions. © 2019, Sociedad Chilena de Nutricion Bromatologia y Toxilogica. All rights reserved.

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