Impact of water quality on the economy and health of Latin America: The case of Peru and Colombia

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Water is one of the most valuable and scarce natural resources on Earth. Its availability and quality affect the economy and the health of populations. There are several highly water-dependent economic sectors. Extreme events such as El Niño, La Niña, or global warming affect water availability, income, employment, and labor productivity. More than 80% of the population of Latin America is concentrated in cities. However, the water supply is insufficient and of poor quality. 70% of wastewater has no treatment, making it difficult to re-use it and to complete the water cycle due to contamination. Water pollution occurs at the primary, secondary and tertiary levels of water sources. Substances that pollute water are organic and inorganic. An underlying concern is the contamination of water by the presence of high levels of inorganic arsenic, lead and cadmium, and their negative consequences on human health such as cancer, diabetes mellitus, and cardiovascular disease. Although some evidence of this problem and the efforts of wastewater treatment by corresponding institutions is observed in Colombia and Peru, there is still a long way to go to solve this problem in Latin America.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 33rd International Business Information Management Association Conference, IBIMA 2019
Subtitle of host publicationEducation Excellence and Innovation Management through Vision 2020
EditorsKhalid S. Soliman
PublisherInternational Business Information Management Association, IBIMA
Pages8960-8969
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9780999855126
ISBN (Print)9780999855126
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2019
Event33rd International Business Information Management Association Conference: Education Excellence and Innovation Management through Vision 2020, IBIMA 2019 - Granada, Spain
Duration: 10 Apr 201911 Apr 2019

Publication series

NameProceedings of the 33rd International Business Information Management Association Conference, IBIMA 2019: Education Excellence and Innovation Management through Vision 2020

Conference

Conference33rd International Business Information Management Association Conference: Education Excellence and Innovation Management through Vision 2020, IBIMA 2019
CountrySpain
CityGranada
Period10/04/1911/04/19

Keywords

  • Arsenic
  • Contamination
  • Wastewater treatment
  • Academic dishonesty
  • E-learning
  • Cheating
  • Electronic educational environment

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  • Cite this

    Larios-Meoño, J. F., Morales, Y., Gonzalez-Taranco, C., & Mougenot, B. (2019). Impact of water quality on the economy and health of Latin America: The case of Peru and Colombia. In K. S. Soliman (Ed.), Proceedings of the 33rd International Business Information Management Association Conference, IBIMA 2019: Education Excellence and Innovation Management through Vision 2020 (pp. 8960-8969). (Proceedings of the 33rd International Business Information Management Association Conference, IBIMA 2019: Education Excellence and Innovation Management through Vision 2020). International Business Information Management Association, IBIMA.