Hospitalization and mortality during the pandemic in chronic hemodialysis patients and the general population in Peru

Percy Herrera-Añazco, Moisés Apolaya Segura, Jessica Bravo-Zúñiga, Juan Lluncor Vásquez, Alvaro Taype-Rondán

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Patients with chronic kidney disease have a higher risk of severe disease and mortality from COVID-19 than the general population. Objective: To compare hospitalization and mortality rates during the pandemic among chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients and the general population in Lima (Peru). Methods: This retrospective cohort included an assessment of the database of chronic HD patients of the health service providers of the social health insurance benefit networks of Lima and Callao between 2019 and 2021. Hospitalization and mortality rates were obtained for every 1,000 individuals, and variations in the percentages of COVID-19 cases and deaths were calculated. These rates were compared with those of the general population data and standardized by age and sex. Results: An average of 3,937 chronic HD patients were evaluated each month. Of these, 4.8% had COVID-19 and 64.97% were mild cases. The hospitalization rates per 1,000 patients were 19.5, 29.28, and 36.7 in 2019, 2020, and 2021, respectively. The mortality rates per 1,000 patients were 5.9, 9.74, and 11.49 in 2019, 2020, and 2021, respectively. When compared to the standardized general population, the peaks of both rates coincided with the plateaus of the waves during the pandemic. The hospitalization rate for COVID-19 was 12 times higher in HD patients than in the general population, and the mortality rate for COVID-19 was twice as high. Conclusion: HD patients had higher hospitalization and standardized mortality rates than the general population. Peaks in hospitalizations and mortality coincided with the plateaus of the first and second waves of the pandemic.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)440-448
Number of pages9
JournalJornal brasileiro de nefrologia : orgão oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
Volume45
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • Coronavirus infections
  • Dialysis
  • Hospitalization
  • Mortality
  • Peru

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Hospitalization and mortality during the pandemic in chronic hemodialysis patients and the general population in Peru'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this