Health-related out-of-pocket expenses in older Peruvian adults: Analysis of the national household survey on living conditions and poverty 2017

Akram Hernández-Vásquez, Carlos Rojas-Roque, Marilina Santero, Francisco Javier Prado-Galbarro, Diego Rosselli

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5 Scopus citations

Abstract

© 2018, Instituto Nacional de Salud. All rights reserved. Objectives. To estimate out-of-pocket spending on health (GBS) and identify its associated factors in Peruvian older adults. Materials and Methods. Analytical cross-sectional study of the National Household Survey on Living Conditions and Poverty (ENAHO) 2017. Older adults were considered to be all individuals aged 60 and over and the GBS was considered the main study variable. Prevalence ratios (PR) and adjusted prevalence ratios (PRa) were estimated for each of the factors associated with GBS. GBS means were estimated using a generalized linear model with gamma distribution and log binding function. All confidence intervals (95%) of the estimators were calculated by bootstrapping with the normal-based method. Results. Eighteen 386 older adults were included, of which 56.5% reported GBS. The mean and median GBS is S/. 140.8 (USD 43.2) and S/. 34.5 (USD 10.6), respectively. Factors such as urban origin, a higher level of education, chronic diseases and higher per capita expenses increase the probability of GBS by up to 1.6 times. In those affiliated to the Integral Health Insurance (SIS), the GBS is reduced by 63.0 soles (USD 19.3) compared to those without any health insurance. Conclusions. Six out of ten older Peruvian adults reported GBS to attend to their health needs. This generates an access inequity in terms of health services, mainly for socially-vulnerable groups. We suggest researching into the economic impact of health insurance and the preventive-promotional approach to chronic diseases, in order to reduce GBS and improve the efficiency of the Peruvian health system.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)390-399
Number of pages10
JournalRevista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2018

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