Factores asociados a seropositividad para SARS-CoV-2 en pacientes atendidos en un hospital de zona altoandina peruana

Translated title of the contribution: Factors associated with seropositivity for SARS-CoV-2 in patients treated at a hospital in the Peruvian highlands

Victor J. Vera-Ponce, Paul Mendez-Aguilar, C. Ichiro-Peralta, Virgilio E. Failoc-Rojas, Mario J. Valladares-Garrido

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: COVID 19 is an infectious disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 that has affected Peru on a large scale. Potential clinical and/or epidemiological factors that are related to the positivity of SARS-CoV-2 in the high Andean population are not documented. Objective: To determine factors associated with positivity of SARS-CoV-2 in people living in Ancash. Material and methods: Analytical transversal study. We used the records of patients treated for suspected COVID-19 in a public hospital in Huaraz in March-May 2020. Prevalence ratios (PR) with confidence intervals were estimated. In simple regression analysis, prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals were estimated, using Poisson distribution family, log-link function and robust variance. Results: Out of 903 patients, 13.7% tested positive for SARS-CoV-2. In simple regression, male (RP=2.98), cough (RP=2.27), respiratory distress (RP=2.97), diarrhea (RP=2.69), general malaise (RP=1.82), odynophagia (RP=1.69) were positively associated with having a positive SARS-CoV-2 test. In the multiple regressions, the association was maintained in four characteristics: Being male (RP=2.7), having a cough (RP=1.45), respiratory distress (RP=2.15), and diarrhea (RP=1.89). Conclusion: In high Andean areas, most positive cases present typical symptoms. The factors associated with positivity were male sex and the presence of cough, respiratory difficulty and diarrhea.

Translated title of the contributionFactors associated with seropositivity for SARS-CoV-2 in patients treated at a hospital in the Peruvian highlands
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)8-12
Number of pages5
JournalRevista del Cuerpo Medico Hospital Nacional Almanzor Aguinaga Asenjo
Volume14
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Oct 2021

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