Evaluación de un instrumento para cuantificar la estigmatización de la adolescente embarazada en el Perú

Translated title of the contribution: Evaluation of an instrument to quantify stigmatization of pregnant adolescents in Peru

Hans Contreras-Pulache

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: Teenage pregnancy is a public health problem that places the status of a teenager in biomedical and social vulnerability, the stigmatization of a pregnant adolescent. Objective: To evaluate psychometrically an instrument to measure stigmatization of pregnant adolescents. Design: Cross-sectional study. Location: National Maternal Perinatal Institute, Lima, Peru. Participants: Adolescent puerperae. Interventions: To 292 postpartum adolescents attended from January through May 2010 an Adolescent Pregnant Stigma Scale (APSS) consisting in 7 items was applied. For the theoretical construction of the scale, two promoter entities of social stigma were assumed: family and social environment. To assess the predictability of APSS the following hypothesis was considered: the higher levels of stigma are associated with a lower self-concept of the adolescent mother. Main outcome measures: Cronbach's alpha coefficient, medians, T student. Results: The psychometric analysis revealed for APSS a Cronbach's alpha coefficient of 0.78; two dimensions accounted for 65.8% of the total variance. Conclusions: The hypothesis was verified: a lower self-concept of the adolescent as a mother was significantly associated with higher scores of APSS (p <0.05). APSS had high consistency. There was also an association with a lower maternal self-concept, making the scale reliable and valid for use in pregnant adolescents.
Translated title of the contributionEvaluation of an instrument to quantify stigmatization of pregnant adolescents in Peru
Original languageSpanish (Peru)
Article number2
Pages (from-to)141-146
Number of pages6
JournalAnales de la Facultad de Medicina
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes


  • Adolescent
  • questionnaires
  • pregnancy
  • Validation study
  • stigmatization


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