Effects of decision aids for depression treatment in adults: Systematic review

Christoper A. Alarcon-Ruiz, Jessica Hanae Zafra-Tanaka, Mario E. Diaz-Barrera, Naysha Becerra-Chauca, Carlos J. Toro-Huamanchumo, Josmel Pacheco-Mendoza, Alvaro Taype-Rondan, Jhony A. De La Cruz-Vargas

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Aim and Method To determine the effect on decisional-related and clinical outcomes of decision aids for depression treatment in adults in randomised clinical trials. In January 2019, a systematic search was conducted in five databases. Study selection and data extraction were performed in duplicate. Meta-analyses were performed, and standardised and weighted mean differences were calculated, with corresponding 95% confidence intervals. The certainty of the evidence was evaluated with GRADE methodology. Results Six randomised clinical trials were included. The pooled estimates showed that decision aids for depression treatment had a beneficial effect on patients' decisional conflict, patient knowledge and information exchange between patient and health professional. However, no statistically significant effect was found for doctor facilitation, treatment adherence or depressive symptoms. The certainty of the evidence was very low for all outcomes. Clinical implications Using decision aids to choose treatment in patients with depression may have a a beneficial effect on decisional-related outcomes, but it may not translate into an improvement in clinical outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)42-51
Number of pages10
JournalBJPsych Bulletin
Issue number1
StatePublished - 7 Feb 2022


  • clinical decision support techniques
  • decision support systems
  • Depression
  • patient outcome assessment
  • patient-centred care


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