Diseño y validación de una escala para medir la percepción sobre el trabajo en el primer nivel de atención en estudiantes de medicina de Latinoamérica

Translated title of the contribution: Design and validation of a scale to assess Latin American medical students' perception on the labour of the first level of health care

Percy Mayta-Tristán, Edward Mezones-Holguín, Reneé Pereyra-Elías, Juan J. Montenegro-Idrogo, Christian R. Mejia, Andrés Dulanto-Pizzorni, Sergio R. Muñoz, Red Lirhus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives. To design and validate a scale to assess Latin American medical students' perception on first level of health care (FLHC). Materials and methods. An observational, analytic and multicentre study was carried out in two phases: i) A self-administered questionnaire regarding perceptions on FLHClabor was designed. ii) This questionnaire was applied to to medical students from 18 universities of eight Spanish-speaking Latin American countries. An exploratory factor analysis (EFA) was performed through a principal components analysis with orthogonal varimax rotation. Sample adequacy was evaluated. Factor extraction was based on Kaiser's criteria, Cattell's Scree test and the explained variance (>5%). Internal consistency was measured with Cronbach's alpha. Results. 423 students were included in the analysis; 53.4% were from Peruvian universities. After the EFA, the questionnaire conserved 11 items, which were distributed in three domains, that explaining together 55.47% of the total variance: i) Perceptions concerning the FLHC physician; ii) Perceptions concerning the FiLC labor and iii) Perceptions about the economic consequences of working in FLHC. Conclusion. The scale is composed by three domains and can be used to assess the perceptions of the medical work on first level of health care of Spanish-speaking Latin American medical students.

Translated title of the contributionDesign and validation of a scale to assess Latin American medical students' perception on the labour of the first level of health care
Original languageSpanish
Pages (from-to)190-196
Number of pages7
JournalRevista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica
Volume30
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes

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