Case series of complicated bronchopulmonary lophomoniasis. Differential diagnosis of tuberculosis?

Cristian Morán-Mariños*, Juan Salas López, Felix Llanos-Tejada, Renato Casanova-Mendoza, Renzo Villanueva-Villegas, Antonella Chavez-Huamani, Kenneth G. Vargas-Ponce, Margaret Condori-Zevallos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Pulmonary lophomoniasis is a rare and life-threatening disease, most commonly reported across Asian and Latin American countries. Here, we have reported two cases of pulmonary lophomoniasis presenting with atypical manifestations. Case #1 represents a 19-year-old male patient with clinical characteristics suggestive of tuberculosis, presenting with hemoptysis and receiving antituberculosis treatment. Case #2 represents a 69-year-old man with post-tuberculosis pulmonary disease with cystic bronchiectasis presenting with polymicrobial co-infection. Based on our case experience, lophomoniasis should be considered in patients with pneumonia who do not respond to antibiotic treatment, and the corresponding epidemiological factors should be carefully considered in addition to bronchoscopy for precise diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2325170
JournalEuropean Clinical Respiratory Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2024


  • bronchoalveolar lavage fluid
  • diagnosis, differential
  • Lung diseases, parasitic
  • Peru
  • pneumonia
  • tuberculosis


Dive into the research topics of 'Case series of complicated bronchopulmonary lophomoniasis. Differential diagnosis of tuberculosis?'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this