Associated factors with knowledge of basic life support in medical students from nine Peruvian universities

Christian R. Mejia, Mario B. García-Saavedra, Irwing R. Benites-Flores, Deysi D. Ordinola-Calle, Virgilio E. Failoc-Rojas, Danai Valladares-Garrido, Lincolth Talledo-Ulfe, Mario J. Valladares-Garrido, Guido Bendezú-Quispe, Rudy Fasanando-Vela, Gelsing R. Vásquez-García, Dorian Paola Chaucayanqui-Gil, Damián A. Herrera-Gonzales, Lourdes Paredes, Arolina Edith Carévalo-Oliva, Alessandra Annie Bravo-Bravo, Alaís Alvarado-Roque, Roberto Enrique Alvarado-Córdova, Dalia Jiménez-Nuñez

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© 2016 Asociacion Nacional de Cardiologos de Mexico. All rights reserved. Introduction: Basic life support (BLS) are a group of maneuvers that constitute a fundamental tool to save lives. Therefore, knowledge about BLS has to be part of the curriculum in medical schools. Objective: Evaluate the knowledge level about BLS and evaluate its associated socio-educational factors, in medical students from nine Peruvian universities. Material and methods: We carried out a cross-sectional multicenter study in 2013 and 2014. We included undergraduate medical students from nine universities in eight regions or Peru. We measured the knowledge about BLS using a validated questionnaire, which was based in American Heart Association Guidelines (2010); adequate knowledge was defined as a minimum proportion of 50% of correct answers. We estimate adjusted prevalence ratios using generalized linear models. Results: We included 1,564 students, 13% of the students had an adequate knowledge, and average score was 6.3 ± 3.2 (range: 0-16). Adequate knowledge was associated with attending semesters that belong to academic stage of clinical sciences (p = 0.02; aPR: 1.82; CI: 95%: 1.11-2.98) and having received a previous BLS course (p > 0.01; aPR: 2.96; CI: 95%: 2.18-4.01); adjusted by age, sex, having received a previous injections and first aids courses, and to manifest the desire to be trained in practical BLS. Conclusion: A low proportion of students have an adequate knowledge level about BLS in this population.
Original languageAmerican English
Pages (from-to)148-155
Number of pages8
JournalRevista Mexicana de Cardiologia
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Basic life support
  • Emergency medicine
  • Knowledge
  • Medical students
  • Peru


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