Asociación entre bajo peso al nacer y malformaciones congénitas

Translated title of the contribution: Association between low birth weight and congenital malformations

Guillermo Insfran, Raúl Aveiro, Alejandra Gomez, Pedro Melgarejo, Jeanine Bazzano, Federico Martinez, Laura Aria-Zaya, Luciana D. Garlisi-Torales, Gustavo Hernández-Córdova, Virgilio E. Failoc-Rojas, Mario J. Valladares-Garrido

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Congenital anomalies are structural or functional defects during intrauterine life. The relationship between low birth weight and predisposition to a congenital anomaly is not well known. Objective: To evaluate the association between low birth weight and the manifestation of congenital anomaly in neonates. Method: A cross-sectional study was performed. The study population were mothers who delivered neonates in a hospital in Asuncion, Paraguay, in 2018. Data collection cards were created with maternal and neonatal characteristics. The outcome variable was congenital malformations at birth. The exposure variable was low birth weight, defined as the clinical report of weight less than 2 500 grams in a neonate. Results: Out of 225 women, 26,7 % were found to have presented mother-to-neonatal transmission infections (60/165); 102 (45,3 %) were preterm and 79 (35,1 %) had congenital malformations. A positive association was evidenced between history of low birth weight and congenital malformations (PR= 2,32; CI 95 %: 1,68-3,20). Conclusions: There is a positive association between a history of low birth weight and congenital malformations.

Translated title of the contributionAssociation between low birth weight and congenital malformations
Original languageSpanish
Article numbere02202091
JournalRevista Cubana de Medicina Militar
Volume51
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2022
Externally publishedYes

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