Adaptation and Validation of a Monkeypox Concern Instrument in Peruvian Adults

Oscar Mamani-Benito, Renzo Felipe Carranza Esteban, Juan Pichen Fernández, Edison Effer Apaza Tarqui, Christian R. Mejia, Aldo Alvarez-Risco, Shyla Del-Aguila-Arcentales, Jaime A. Yáñez*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Monkeypox is causing great concern in society because of its great infective power and the possibility that it could become a new pandemic. This study aimed to adapt and validate the monkeypox concern scale in the Peruvian adult population (EP-VIR-MONK). An instrumental cross-sectional study was carried out under a non-probabilistic convenience sampling with 779 adults from the three regions of Peru (coast, highlands, and jungle). The instrument was adapted based on an instrument previously validated related to the concern caused by COVID-19 in Peru. Content-based validity was calculated with Aiken’s V coefficient, internal structure with confirmatory factor analysis, and reliability with the omega coefficient. The first evidence of validity of EP-VIR-MONK based on its content, internal structure, and reliability in a sample of Peruvian adults is presented here. Accordingly, it can be helpful for the management of the prevention of mental health alterations resulting from the proliferation of monkeypox in Peru.

Original languageEnglish
Article number12354
Pages (from-to)12354
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number19
StatePublished - 28 Sep 2022


  • Peru
  • monkey
  • monkeypox virus
  • pandemic
  • smallpox
  • validation study


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